- A medieval term, now obsolete, for a
- CONFANONUM (or CONFARONUM)
- A medieval term, now obsolete, for a gonfanon.
- A basically heraldic term used when two or more symbols or elements from a coat of
arms are joined together to form the appearance of a united whole, as in the 1606
pattern of union jack (see also union jack 1) and
The 1606 Pattern of Union Flag, UK (CS)
Please note not to be confused with two sets of arms, or
elements from those arms, which are impaled by dimidiation see
'dimidiated' and following note.
- See cognisance.
- The usually religious ceremony at which a new military or other ceremonial colour is
dedicated a service of consecration (see also
colour 2) and parade flag).
- CONTINENTAL COLORS (or COLOURS)
- The first US national flag whose canton consisted of the British 1606 pattern union flag rather
than white stars on a blue field, and in unofficial use from 1775 1777 the grand union
(see also stars and stripes).
The Continental Colors, US (fotw)
- See Appendix V.
- CONVOY FLAG
- See fanion 2).
- 1) A length of decorative string or rope made from several twisted strands
with tassels at each end, generally made of silk (or a silk-like material) in
the livery or national colours (or gold/silver thread), simply knotted or tied
a bow at the centre and used to decorate a staff just below the finial (see also
national colours 2),
staff 2) and
- 2) As above but without tassels and used to finish the edges of a flag, usually
in the livery or national colours (or gold/silver thread).
- CORE FLAG
- The flag whose design forms the basis of other flags, or which inspired the
creation of other flags, with a typical example being the French tricolore (see
flag family, 'pan-African Colours',
'pan-Arab Colours' and 'pan-Slavic Colours').
- CORNET (or CORNETTE or CORNUTE)
- 1) In largely British maritime usage a term, now increasingly obsolete, for
a small triangular pennant (see also 'pennant 2)').
- 2) In largely British RN and some other usage a term, now almost wholly obsolete,
for a swallow-tailed flag, particularly a signal flag (see also
- 3) A 17th/18th Century generic term, now obsolete, referring to any small,
- 4) An alternative form of guidon, now obsolete, as being the distinguishing
flag of a cavalry regiment (see also guidon 2)).
- 5) A term, now obsolete, for lowest commissioned rank in the cavalry regiments
of some countries (including those of the UK), being that rank responsible for
carrying the regiments cornet or guidon.
- 1) On flags a crown without a curved bar across the top that is by no means
restricted to monarchies, and may be seen in a wide variety of shapes and circumstances
(see also antique crown,
crown, 'mural crown' and
- 2) In English heraldry a crown without cross bar across the top as above,
but also a symbol of nobility whose exact design is dependent upon the rank of
the person concerned (see also as above).
Please note that the use of a cross-bar across the
top to indicate royal status and to differentiate between a crown and a coronet
is of comparatively recent date.
- CORPORATE (or CORPORATION) BANNER
- See banner 3).
- CORPORATE FLAG
- The distinguishing flag of a shore based commercial concern as opposed to
that of merchant marine company (see also
house flag 1) and
Please note that some shore based companies have
adopted the practice of using the term house flag.
- COTTICED (or COTISED)
- 1) On flags, a term that may be used to describe the addition of one or more
narrow stripes or bands to an existing charge (such as a stripe or cross) but
which is separated from that charge by a strip of field.
- 2) In heraldry the term has a rather more restricted/complex use which is
briefly described in Appendix VII, however, it is
suggested that a suitable glossary or dictionary of heraldry should be
consulted for further details.
Naval Ensign of Ukraine (fotw)
- See Appendix V.
- (adj) A basically heraldic term used to describe two colours alternating either
side of a line drawn through a flag or coat of arms.
- 1) See Appendix V.
- 2) In heraldry, a term sometimes used when an ordinary does not extend to
the edges of a shield or banner of arms, for example a cross-couped (see also
Greek cross 2) and
- COURTESY FLAG
- That flag (normally, but not exclusively, the national flag of the country
being visited) flown from a prominent position on a merchant vessel as a matter
of courtesy when visiting a foreign port a complimentary flag (see also
- 1) A decorative scarf, usually in national or livery colours and often richly
decorated, tied with a bow to the staff below the finial, normally (but not exclusively)
used with military flags (see also draping,
national colours 2) and
- 2) Long black ribbons tied to the staff of a military colour below the finial
to signify mourning by the regiment or unit concerned for the loss of members
of that regiment, or when participating in a military or state funeral - but see
Please note that in French military usage, and possibly
in others, the cravat is employed (including use with car flags) to differentiate
between ranks and functions.
- 1) On flags, a charge in the shape of a crescent moon formed by two interlinked
circles of varying size, generally (but not invariably) shown with the open horns
towards the fly, and considered to be symbolic of Islam.
- 2) In heraldry a charge in the form of a crescent moon whose horns unless
otherwise specified point upwards.
From left: Arms (CS); The National Flag of Turkey (fotw)
- A heraldic term for a symbol attached to the helm above the torse and placed
over the shield (see also Appendix IV,
coat of arms,
Please note that the term crest should only be used
as specifically defined above, and not as a synonym for a coat of arms or set
of armorial bearings (see also
armorial bearings and
coat of arms).
- CROOKED CROSS
- See swastika.
- 1) Two stripes or bands of equal width (and in the same colour) but of unequal
length, that extend to the outer edges of the shield, flag, canton or panel they
occupy, and intersect at right angles in the exact centre of that flag, canton
or panel a cross throughout or square cross (see also
St Georges Cross).
- 2) A charge, which may or may not reach the outer edges of the shield, flag, canton
or panel it occupies, and which may not have straight edges but which has four segments
meeting at right angles at a central point but see note below (also
charge and Maltese cross).
- 3) A generic name for two stripes of the same colour (although counter-changed variants exist) and any width, crossing
the field of a flag, panel or canton in any manner (see also
From left: Flag of Hajdina, Slovenia (fotw); Flag of Asturias, Spain (fotw); Naval Jack 1921-33, Germany (fotw)
Please note however, that whilst the main types
used on flags are detailed separately herein the cross throughout as given in
1) above, the Greek cross, the
Scandinavian cross, the
saltire (or diagonal cross)
and the Maltese cross numerous other
variants exist (mostly used in heraldry but which also sometimes appear on flags),
and it is suggested that a suitable glossary or heraldic dictionary be consulted (but see also
Cross of Lorraine and swastika).
- CROSS BAR (CROSS-BAR or CROSSBAR)
- The transverse rod, from which a flag is suspended, either attached in the centre or
from one end, or hung by ropes from a vertical pole or poles (see particularly
and and vexillum).
- CROSS OF LORRAINE
- A cross in which two horizontal arms cross the vertical arm, and currently seen on the arms
of Hungary and Slovakia (see also cross).
From left: The Flag of Free France 1940-44; The National Flag of Slovakia; The Arms of Hungary (fotw)
- See couped 2) and
- CROSS THROUGHOUT
- See cross 1).
- 1) In largely US usage, a yard if fitted to a flag mast ashore (see also
- 2) A cross bar attached near the top of an unstayed flagpole for the purpose
of providing additional halyards to the one reeved at the truck (see also
- A ceremonial headpiece in the shape of a circlet often made of precious metal
and adorned with pearls and gemstones see note below (also
antique crown and
Please note that on flags a crown with a curved
bar or bars across the top and a cap within generally (but not invariably) signifies
a reigning monarch or prince, however, the actual design will usually be specific
to a given country and considerable variations exist. Please note also that in
heraldry the term crown has a far wider use, and whilst a few of the many types
encountered are described in this dictionary, it is strongly suggested that a
specialist glossary or dictionary of heraldry be consulted for full details.
UK Royal Crown (Martin Grieve)
- CROWN OF RUE
- The heraldic term for a coronet placed per bend or diagonally across rather
than above a shield or quarter a crancelin (see also bend in appendix VI,
coronet, per bend,
The Flag and Arms of Saxony, Germany (CS)
- CROWN TRIUMPHAL
- The heraldic term for a closed garland or chaplet, usually composed of laurel
leaves, and based on the ancient Roman triumphal ornament (see also
civic crown 2),
wreath of immortelles).
- A term for the central point at which the two triangles formed by a swallow-tailed
cut in the fly meet (see also swallow-tail(ed)).
- CUSTOMS FLAG (ENSIGN or PENNANT)
- A flag or ensign, different from the national/state flag or government ensign (or a
variant thereof) or a pennant, which specifically identifies the installations or vessels
of a countrys customs service (see also national flag,
government ensign under ensign,
and state flag).
From left: Customs Flags/Ensign, Israel; Customs Flag, Japan;
Customs Ensign, Iceland; Customs Flag, US; Customs Pennant, Thailand (fotw)
- CYBERVEXILLOLOGY (or CYBERVEX)
- Vexillological research and/or the publication of vexillological information
using electronic means, particularly the Internet or other electronic delivery
- See monogram.