Buy State Flags from Allstate FlagsBuy US flags from Five Star Flags
This page is part of © FOTW Flags Of The World website

Manchukuo (Japanese Puppet State in China)

Mǎnzhōu Guó, 満州国, 滿洲國, 满洲国

Last modified: 2006-07-29 by phil nelson
Keywords: manchuria | manchukuo | china | orchid |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors

National flag, Civil ensign and war jack
[Flag of Manchuria, 1934-45]
image by Mark Sensen, 26 June 1996

See also:

Second World War Japanese puppet State in Manchuria

In the 30ies and 40ies great parts of China were occupied by the Japanese. During this time several "puppet states" have been established. Manchuria or Manzhouguo (this is the "official" transcription of Chinese used in the PRC, in English it is often written Manchukuo), located in northeast China. It existed between 1932 and 1945. Officially it was an empire under the last Chinese emperor Puyi who used here the name Kangde.
Harald Müller, 11 December 1995

The flag: a yellow field (symbolizing unification), with four horizontal stripes in the upper right corner: red (bravery), blue (justice), white (purity) and black (determination).
Bruce Tindall, 9 December 1995

It's interesting that the Manchukuo flag is the Chinese republican one with the yellow taken out and turned into the field. All the references I've seen gave red as being for the Han Chinese. The usual interpretation from the Smith book quoted gives yellow as representing the Manchurians, which would explain its promotion in the Manchukuo flag.
Roy Stilling, 9 December 1995

The state ensign is the same except that instead of a canton the stripes cover the top 1/3(+/-) of the flag.
Nathan Augustine, 05 December 1995

There are plenty flag related interesting things on that period to read in a book called Chinese Civil Wars 1911-1949 edited by Osprey in the collection Men at Arms, number 306.

Well, I don't know about that book by Osprey, but I have a book called Flags of All Nations [smt47]by Smith & Taylor, 1947. This book shows the flag of Manchukuo in color. The flag's field is a mustard-color yellow. The text description calls the field yellow. I would call it mustard color (European mustard, not American, which is real yellow).
Philippe Bondurand, 06 December 1997

Flag of Emperor Kangte (Puyi)

[Emperor's flag, Japanese occupation] image by Ivan Sache

I've seen another Mandchukuo flag. It was a plain yellow flag with a gold "orchid" flower (in French "orchidée") in its center. Maybe it was the imperial flag of Emperor Kangte?
Jerome, 06 December 1997

The flower is Chinese spring orchid which is not actually available in Manchukou but Emperor's favorite flower then.
Nozomi Kariyasu, 28 January 2005

Manchuria War Flag/Naval Ensign

[War flag of Manchuria]
image by Ivan Sache

Coast Guard

[Coast Guard flag]
image by Ivan Sache

Shipping Office

[Shipping Office Flag]
image by Calvin Paige Herring

Postal flag

[Manchoukuo postal flag, 1935-1945]
image by Phil Nelson

The flag of Manchoukuo postal system. The postal insignia appears to have been adopted around 15 September 1935 and used until 1945. The insignia represents the Chinese word yu, using however, 2 of the 40 ideographs. In the insignia, the first character of the yu was turned 90 degrees and the second character was made symmetrical so that both the obverse and reverse were identical.
Phil Nelson, 26 January 2000