Last modified: 2006-09-30 by bruce berry
Keywords: south africa | homeland | venda | v |
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Venda was located in the northeastern of
the former Transvaal (today's
Province), with a main part and one main enclave, not very compactly
shaped. It bordered on the northern part of Gazankulu.
Antonio Martins - 30 May 1999
Venda means "world" or "land" and as such refers to the traditional
home of the BaVenda tribe. Venda was granted internal self-government on
01 February 1973 and achieved full "independence" from South Africa on 13
Bruce Berry, 01 Dec 1998
A description of this flag, with amended wording, was subsequently incorporated
into Schedule 3 of the Republic of Venda Constitution Act
and read as follows:
"Description of the National Flag of the Republic of Venda
Three horizontal stripes of equal width from top to bottom green, yellow and brown and towards the pole a vertical blue stripe equal in width to a horizontal stripe on which there shall appear, in the centre of the yellow stripes the letter V in brown. The width shall be equal to two-thirds of the length. The length of the letter V shall be five-sevenths of the width of a stripe and the width of the letter V shall be five-sevenths of the width of a stripe".
The colours of the flag of Venda are those used in traditional BaVenda beadwork. The design of the flag is reminiscent of that of the former Transvaal Republic, with three horizontal stripes and a hoist panel.
This design was also used briefly in the flag of neighbouring Zimbabwe Rhodesia between September 1979 and April 1980.
The brown symbolises the Venda soil, while the beauty of the countryside is reflected by the yellow and blue stands for heaven. The beads have a deeply religious significance and are passed down from generation to generation.
With the advent of democracy in South Africa, Venda was re-incorporated on 27 April 1994 and is now part of the Northern Province. The flag is no longer used.
Bruce Berry, 01 Dec 1998
While playing with my flags today, I pulled out and examined my full-sized
flag of Venda. It was made in South Africa and does not exactly match
the specifications shown on FOTW. Specifically, on my flag the "V" and
the lower stripe are more nearly black than brown. Was this an oft-seen variant?
Devereaux Cannon, 09 Feb 2003
Yes, some Venda flags were made by National Flag using a very
dark shade of brown. Others made by CI Canvas had a much lighter
shade, similar to that shown on image on FOTW. Official documentation
shows the flag using the lighter shade.
Bruce Berry, 10 Feb 2003
Venda's Coat of Arms can be seen on
Oettle's pages (ed.)