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Washington (U.S.)

Last modified: 2006-08-05 by rick wyatt
Keywords: washington | united states |
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[Flag of Washington] by Mario Fabretto, 24 February 1998

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In 1890, five stars were added, representing Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota and Washington, bringing the total number of stars on the U.S. flag to 43. There were thirteen stripes representing the thirteen original colonies.

Legal Description

1.20.010 State Flag. The official flag of the state of Washington shall be of dark green silk or bunting and shall bear in its center a reproduction of the seal of the state of Washington embroidered, printed, painted or stamped thereon. The edges of the flag may, or may not, be fringed. If a fringe is used the same shall be of gold or yellow color of the same shade as the seal. The dimensions of the flag may vary.

1.20.080 State Seal. The seal of the state of Washington shall be, a seal encircled with the words: "The Seal of the State of Washington," with the vignette of General George Washington as the central figure, and beneath the vignette the figures "1889" and shall be composed as appears in the illustration.

Joe McMillan, 22 February 2000

Specification of Design and Layout


The Legislature adopted the Washington State flag in 1925 and revised it to its present design in 1967 (RCW 1.20.010).

Color Specifications

The following color references by cable number (cloth) and Pantone number (Ink) are those colors in the Standard Color Card of America, Ninth Edition (second issue) of the Textile Color Card Association of the United States, Inc., New York and the Pantone Formula Guide, 1st Edition, 3rd Printing 2001, New Jersey. They are of colorfast washable dyes and substantially the same as the following color references:

1. Flag Background - Irish Green, Cable #70,168, Pantone PMS 348
2. State Seal Background -Oriental Blue, Cable #70,209, Pantone PMS 311
3. State Seal (Portrait, lettering and inner rings) - Black
4. Gold used in the state seal & fringe (if any) - Nugget Gold, Cable #70,215, Pantone PMS 116
5. Face of George Washington - PMS 169 (Flesh Tint), Pantone PMS 169

State Seal Specifications

An official state seal must appear in the center of each side of the state flag. The seal may not have a serrated edge. Its size shall be selected in proportion to the size of the state flag.

Diameter of Seal Flag Size
19" 3' x 5'
25" 4' x 6'
31" 5 x 8'

In all other instances, the ratio of the state seal diameter to the length of the flag shall be 1:3.
Located by Zach Harden, 18 June 2002

State Military Crest

by Joe McMillan, 21 April 2000

The state military crest, which is the crest used in the coats of arms of units of the National Guard, as granted by the precursor organizations of what is now the Army Institute of Heraldry. The official Institute of Heraldry blazon is "A raven with wings endorsed issuing out of a ducal coronet all proper. [From the crest of George Washington.]"
Joe McMillan, 21 April 2000

Flag More Costly

Local flag manufacturers sell this flag for almost double the price of most other state flags because the seal is stitched on both the obverse and reverse of the flag (so that the lettering reads correctly on both sides). This is something my reading up on flags in various books, plus the internet did not inform me about. It was something of a surprise.
Dean Thomas, 14 January 2002