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Kabard-Balkaria (Russia)


Last modified: 2006-07-29 by antonio martins
Keywords: kabard-balkaria | elbrus | caucasus |
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Flag of Kabard-Balkaria
image by Vincent Morley, 19 Apr 2000

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Presentation of Kabard-Balkaria

(Note: You need an Unicode-aware software and font to correctely view the cyrillic text on this page. See here transliteration details).

  • Name (english): Kabard-Balkaria • (russian, short form): Кабардино-Балкария | Kabardino-Balkariâ • (russian, long form): Кабардино-Балкарская Республика | Kabardino-Balkarskaâ Respublika
  • Local official languages: Cherkess (a.k.a. Circassian) and Balkar
  • Capital (russian): Нальчик | Nalhĉik • (english): Nalchik
  • Area: 12 500 km2 (≅4 800 sq.mi.) • Population: 790 000 inhabitants in 2000
  • Status: Republic (Республика | Respublika) within the Russian Federation
  • Federal District: Northern Caucasus • Economic region: Northern Caucasus
  • License plate code: 07 • Ham radio code: KB • ISO 3166-2 code: KB
  • Flag adopted on 1994.07.21 • Coat of arms adopted on 1994.07.21

Kabardino-Balkaria, in the north Caucasus, borders Karachay-Cherkassia to the west, Georgia to the south and North Ossetia to the east. Kabardian is a Caucasian language, very closely related to Circassian (Cherkess), more distantly to Abkhaz and Adygei, and more distantly still to Georgian. Balkar, on the other hand, is a Turkic language very closely related to Karachay.
Vincent Morley, 19 Nov 1997

An autonomous province was established for the Kabardians in 1921 and a year later this was extended to include the Balkarians. In 1936, the status of the region was upgraded to that of an ASSR. This, in turn, declared itself a Union Republic in 1991.
Stuart Notholt

Description of the flag

The image above is the one that best fits the (quite blurred) color plate of the book Winds of Change [rss96].
António Martins, 19 Apr 2000

The flag was adopted by Republican Supreme Council on the 21st of Jule, 1994 alongside with its coat of arms. It consists of three equal-sized horizontal stripes: sky-blue over white over green. The center of flag is charged with the circle crossed by sky-blue and green fields. On a sky-blue field there is white (snow-white) stylized picture of Elbrus mountain (the highest peak of Caucasus moutains — 5642 m).
Andrew Rukkas, 28 Feb 1999

Coat of arms of Kabard-Balkaria

Coat of arms of Kabard-Balkaria
image by Azret Kalmykov, 04 Apr 1999