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Iranian Empire (Pahlavi dynasty, 1925-1964)

Keshvare Shahanshahiye Iran

Last modified: 2002-11-16 by ivan sache
Keywords: lion (yellow) | sun (yellow) | sword (yellow) | pahlavi | state flag | naval ensign | civil ensign | jack | masthead pennant |
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[Flag of Iranian Empire]by Zeljko Heimer

See also:

National flag and civil ensign

The national flag and civil ensign is shown on Flaggenbuch [neu92] as an horizontal triband green-white-red with proportion 1:3. The proportion of the 1951 National Geographic [geo51] illustration is slightly less than 1:3 (about 4:11) but Pedersen [ped71] says that the 1:3 ratio and brighter shades were fixed in 1933.

Zeljko Heimer, 13 April 1997

According to Smith [smi75c], the basic tricolor dates from the Constitution of 14 August 1905, with artistic alterations in 1912, 1933, and ca. 1964. The national flag, the war ensign and the service flag are shown by Smith in 1975 with proportion 4:7. From the chronology, this change most probably occurred ca. 1964.

Ivan Sache, 16 October 1999

State flag

[State flag]by Zeljko Heimer

National flag with golden lion and sun in the middle.

Source: Flaggenbuch [neu92]

Zeljko Heimer, 14 November 2001

Naval ensign

[Iran naval ensign]by Zeljko Heimer

National flag with golden emblem in the middle - lion and sun within wreath and topped with crown.

Source: Flaggenbuch [neu92]

Zeljko Heimer, 14 November 2001

The best-known symbol of Iran in recent centuries, however, has been the lion and sun motif, which is probably a graphic expression of the astrological configuration of the sun in the sign of Leo, although both celestial and animal figures independently have a long history in Iranian heraldry. The lion and sun emblem is very ancient, and Ferdowsi our epic poet writes that it was used by Rostam, the legendary national hero. Late in the nineteenth century an earlier scimitar motif was combined with the lion and sun and superimposed on a tricolour of green, white and red, and, with minor modifications, this remained the official flag until the revolution of1979.

The green stripe is said to represent growth and prosperity, and is the colour associated with the Prophet's family, the white peace, and the red the willingness of every Iranian to shed his blood for his country.

From Fahra Pahlavi's website, quoted by Santiago Tazon, 13 June 2001


[Iranian Jack]by Zeljko Heimer

Green square flag with the same emblem as on the naval ensign.

Source: Flaggenbuch [neu92]

Zeljko Heimer, 18 November 2001

Masthead pennant

[Iranian masthead pennant]by Zeljko Heimer

Trapezoidal tricolour pennant (width at fly:1/3 hoist) with the same emblem as on the naval ensign.
Minimal ratio was 1:5, but a longer pennant was used for larger ships.

Source: Flaggenbuch [neu92]

Zeljko Heimer, 18 November 2001