Last modified: 2006-03-04 by dov gutterman
Keywords: veszprem | papa | saint stephen |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors
image by István Molnár, 13 August 2001
Pápa is a small beautiful town in Veszprém County in Hungary
near to Gyor (45 km) and Veszprém (55 km) at the borders of the
Bakony Mountains and the Little Hungarian Plains. The town has
34,419 inhabitants (1990 census) nearly all of them are
Hungarians. Three of the Official Ethnic Minorities of Hungary
have ethnic councils in the town. They are: Gipsy, German and
The territory has been populated from the Stone Age - a cemetery of the Celts and Roman has been found. In the 6th-7th centuries in the territory of the town there was a bigger Avarian settlement. In Borsosgyor (village united the town in 1973) there was an Avarian entrenchment (gyor ~ gyuru in English means ring). After the Avars, the Slovenes had arrived they gave the name of the brook of Pa'pa: Tapolca (in English means: hot water brook).
The first mention of the town was in 1061. It was a borough in 1389 under the rule of the Garai family. In 1401 there was a meeting of the Lords of Hungary convened by King Sigismund. The Fort Pa'pa was built in 1444. In 1482 Pápa was a Royal Town with 3.000 inhabitants. In the time of the Turkish War (1525-1699) Pápa was an important border fortress. It was besieged by the Ottomans in 1543, 1551 and 1594. 1594-1597 and in 1683 was under Turkish rule. In 1531 was found the Calvinist School, 1585-1952 it was a High School of the Calvinists. In January 1704 the town led by the captain of the fort Pápa , La'szlo' Sa'ndor joined to Prince Ra'ko'czi. At the time of the Prince Ra'ko'czi's Independent War the fort often changed hands. In 1707, when the Habsburg Army occupied the fort, it burnt up the town. In 1752 the fort was destroyed. Ka'roly Esterha'zy, the landlord of Pápa built the castle in 1783-1784. At the time of the Revolution and Independent War (1848-1849) citizens of Pa'pa take up arms and went to the battles eagerly. After the defeat the war leaders of Pápa were took prisoner. At the end of the 19th century Pa'pa was growing quickly. Because Pa'pa had got an airfield (from 1937), it was bombarded in the WWII. Three villages was united with Pápa : Borsosgy?r (1973), Ke'ttornyu'lak (1977) and Tapolcafo~ (1982).
The coat of arms shows Saint Stephen, the martyr, whom name is the title of the parish church. The first picture of the coat of arms is from 1687.
You can see: former Esterha'zy Mansion (baroque 1783-1784) built on the place of the destroyed fort, St Stephen Parish "Old" Church (1774-1786), Museum of the Local History, former Stable now Hotel Plata'n (classicist), High Square (baroque), House "on Legs" or Arcade, "Gate-House" (1750), Zichy House, Korvin Street, Franciscan Church (1678-1764), Hotel Griff (1790), Baroque-Classicist Reformed "Old" Church (1783-1784), former City Hall (1823), Benedict Church (1737-1742) and former Benedict High School, City Hall (1757-1898), former County Hall (1823), "O'-kolle'gium" former Calvinist High School (1797), Synagogue (Classicist 1846), former Cistercian Monastery (1711), new Calvinist Church (1931-1934), Calvinist High School (1894-1895, there learnt many famous Hungarian celebrities: Mo'r Jo'kai - writer, Sa'ndor Peto~fi, poet...), Scientific Collection of the Library of the Calvinist Church District, Museum of Blue Dyers', Hospital (founded by Ferenc Esterha'zy in 1757, built 1763-1768), Old Mills (more of them ruin), City Park. The oldest building of the town is in Ke'ttornyu'lak (name means: Settlement with two tower) village. Small Romanesque Church with two tower (first mentioned in 1360) - now Calvinist Church
István Molnár, 8 July 2000
Today is a National Holiday and I was on the ceremony in the
town. It seems Papa have got a common flag
only red and blue without coat of arms ratio 2:3 and a ceremonial
flag with coat of arms (90% of the height of the flag) with gold
fringes. Ratio 1:2. The colours of the coat of arms on the flag
are heraldic colours.
István Molnár, 15 March 2001
The image of the ceremonial flag is based on the flag given by
the Council of Pápa to the renewed railway station. Difference
between this flag and the more common one: gold fringes on the
three edge, and the type of the letters are different.
István Molnár, 13 August 2001
image by István Molnár, 15 August 2001
In Pápa on the streets you can see the red-blue flag without
the coat of arms only. Its ratio is 1:2, but you can see some
flags with ratio 2:3 too.
István Molnár, 15 August 2001
image by Antonio Martins, 28 Febuary 2001
This flag appears at Dr. Széll Sándor: Városaink neve,
címere és lobogója (1941) as "Pápa, Veszprém
István Molnár, 20 October 2000
White and blue quarterly per saltire.
Antonio Martins, 28 Febuary 2001
image by István Molnár, 4 December 2000
Description of the coat of arms: "The principal figure of
the Coat of Arms of the town is the "tree of the
knowledge" rooted in the "socialist culture",
which is encircled by the respected traditions and the symbols of
the modern industry."
From the book "A magyar városok címerei" Budapest, 1975
István Molnár, 4 December 2000
image by István Molnár, 8 July 2000
Pápa used its coat of arms until 1948. In 1948 the new regime
forbade the use coat of arms. The town started to reuse this coat
of arms at the end of the 60's (you can see some prospectus).
From 1974 the towns could used coat of arms, but they have been
made new 'communist style' coat of arms which related to the
'socialist development', the 'power of the "labour
movement"' - red star. After the end of the communist era,
these coat of arms were removed.
István Molnár, 3 April 2001