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Ligue Savoisienne (Separatist movement, Savoy, France)

Last modified: 2003-06-14 by ivan sache
Keywords: savoy | cross (white) | ligue savoisienne | mouvement region savoie | federation savoisienne |
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[Savoy]by Palac Cyberflag

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Regionalist and separatist movements

Historically, there have been three main regionalist/separatist movements in Savoy:

  • The Mouvement Région Savoie, founded in 1971, is regionalist but not independentist.
  • The movement La Région Savoie, j'y crois [I believe in Region Savoy] was founded in 1999 by local politicians and is asking for the formation of a Region Savoy separated from the Region Rhône-Alpes.
  • The Ligue Savoisienne was founded recently on the model of the Italian Northern League, and is asking for independence and rejection of the annexation treaty to France of 1865.

Ivan Sache, 27 April 2002

The flag of Savoy is shown on the Flags of Aspirant Peoples chart [eba94], #64, with the following caption:

SAVOY (Savoia)
South-East France

Savoy is the geographical origin of the Savoia House which reigned over Italy, but the region was incorporated to France in 1860, and its inhabitants do not consider themselves as Italians.

Ivan Sache, 14 September 1999

Ligue Savoisienne

The Ligue Savoisienne promotes an independent Savoisian Federation (Fédération Savoisienne) , whose proposed Constitution can be read on the Notre Savoie website.

Article 5 of this Constitution says (my translation from French):

'The official language of the Savoisian Federation shall be French. The local language, called Savoyard Patois or Francoprovencal, shall be protected, its teaching and use being encouraged as an important element of the Savoyard culture. The capital of the Savoisian Federation shall be Chambéry. The Savoisian flag shall be the traditional flag with a white cross on a red field. The Federal anthem shall be the song Les Allobroges. The Sovereign Senate shall be based in Chambéry. The Chancellery shall be based in Thonon-les-Bains. The Parliament shall be based in Albertville. The Federal Council shall be based in Annecy. The Government Accounting Office shall be based in Bonneville."

This Constitution is strongly inspired by the Constitution of Switzerland with the incorporation of some elements of the status of Savoy under the Sardinian rule, for instance, the Sovereign Senate. The flag and the song Les Allobroges, which refers to the Allobroges Legion, which joined the French Revolutionary troops, itself refering to the Celto-Ligurian tribe of Allobroges, which resisted to the Roman conquest, are the main symbols of Savoyard identity, and do not necessarily imply independentist feelings, which are fairly recent.

Ivan Sache, 27 April 2002