Last modified: 2006-08-26 by jarig bakker
Keywords: war ensign | jack |
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Service Ensign for Naval Forces of the Federal Armed Forces / Dienstflagge
der Seestreitkräfte der Bundeswehr: A swallow tail version of the service
flag [state flag and ensign]. Adopted 1956. Illustrated in Pedersen
1971 p. 30, Smith 1975, p. 227 and
Album des Pavillons 1990, p. 17.
Norman Martin, Feb 1998
The naval ensign is swallowtailed and bears the shield
slightly shifted to the hoist. It was legally prescribed on 25th May 1956
with the Anordnung des Bundespräsidenten über die Dienstflagge der Seestreitkräfte
der Bundeswehr (Instruction of the Federal President on the Service
Flag of the Naval Forces of the Federal Armed Forces), published in the
Bundesgesetzblatt I 1956, p. 447. It is also used as naval
jack. Sources: Laitenberger and Bassier
2000, Friedel 1968 and Bundesministerium
des Innern 1956.
Marcus Schmöger, 14 Mar 2001
According to the navy regulation [Marine
Dienstvorschrift] MDv 161/1 (Bundesministerium
der Verteidigung 1977), the naval ensign is called Dienstflagge
der Seestreitkräfte der Bundeswehr (service flag of the naval forces
of the Bundeswehr). It is mainly used by the warships in service. (...)
Ships using the naval ensign also use a smaller variant as a jack (Gösch).
The size is also regulated in the MDv 161/1: ensigns 70 × 115 cm, 80 ×
135 cm, 120 × 200 cm, 150 × 250 cm, 200 × 335 cm; the jack has either 50
× 85 cm or 70 × 115 cm. The prescribed size of the flags depends on the
size of the ship: submarines and fast attack crafts use the smallest available
flags, frigates and destroyers the bigger variants. A special case is the
Gorch Fock, the training sailing ship, which uses an even bigger
variant of the naval ensign (300 × 500 cm).
Marcus Schmöger, 21 Nov 2001
My explanations on the use of the war ensign or the federal
service flag for auxiliary ships might be misleading. Jan Patrick
Fischer learned - as a soldier aboard a navy tender - that all ships
with military crews - including supply ships - would hoist the war ensign.
Obviously the term "auxiliary ship" is somewhat ambiguous, and used quite
differently in different navies. Citing the MDv 161/1 again:
- A warship has a military crew under a commanding officer of the navy; a warship is listed in the MDv 180/1, chapter 2;
- An auxiliary ship has a civil crew under a captain; an auxiliary ship is listed in the MDv 180/1, chapter 3.
Marcus Schmöger, 23 Nov 2001
German reunion was more a merger of East Germany into the Federal Republic
of Germany. That's why there was as far as I know no change of any symbols
of the FRG. For sure not at the navy.
J. Patrick Fischer, 3 Nov 2002
There is definitely no new ensign, but it would be interesting where
you "heard that".
Marcus Schmöger, 3 Nov 2002
According to Brockhaus 1968, the German
naval jack is black-red-gold swallow-tailed with the arms.
Pascal Vagnat, 2 May 1996
A smaller version of the Ensign. Adopted 1956. Illustrated
in Pedersen 1971 p. 30, Smith
1975, p. 227 and Album des Pavillons
1990, p. 17.
Norman Martin, Feb 1998
The Federal flag with a white border. Illustrated
in Album des Pavillons 1990, p.
19. Continues the tradition of having the pilot
flag be the merchant flag with a white border.
Norman Martin, Feb 1998
In Album des Pavillons 2000 there
is no longer an image (nor a mention) of the Pilot Flag which appeared
in the 1995 Recap. of Album des Pavillons
1990. Is it obsolete? Since when?
Željko Heimer, 28 Jan 2001
Since the pilot flag is (I assume) 3:5 and the white border has (again
I assume) a uniform width, the German flag within is not 3:5 but 9:19 (slightly
Santiago Dotor, 6 Mar 2001
[During a recent journey in Germany] I saw some boats on the Rhine river
flying, instead of the German national flag, the
European Union flag with the [white] letter 'D'
and [a small] German triband in center. Is there any explanation for that?
Ivan Sarajcic, 3 Sep 1999
In place of the ensign, do you mean? A couple of years ago we were told
that France was challenging every vessel flying
one of these European Union ensigns (though those
had the national flags as small cantons). If it flew amidships, or forward,
there is of course no problem.
John S. Ayer, 6 Sep 1999
Whilst it is true that such flags are probably illegal flown instead
of the correct national merchant ensign on the high seas and in most countries'
coastal waters, is the same true on international inland waterways? Certainly
if the vessels that Ivan saw were on that part of the Rhine wholly within
Germany I doubt there would be any problem at all.
I would guess that the Rhine along the Franco-German border is half French
and half German, so if the German vessels where on the Germany side of
the border, again no problem. In the United Kingdom
there is (as far as I know) no requirement for vessels on inland waterways
to display any flag and most do not.
Roy Stilling, 7 Sep 1999
I am quite positive that it was in place of ensign. It flew on some
barges' astern. It was near Bonn, that means
wholly within Germany.
Ivan Sarajcic, 7 Sep 1999