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Saar (Germany)

Saar State, Saarland

Last modified: 2005-10-29 by santiago dotor
Keywords: germany | saar | saarland | coat of arms: quartered (lion: white) | coat of arms: quartered (cross: red) | coat of arms: quartered (bend: red) | coat of arms: quartered (lion: yellow) |
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[Saar (Germany)] 3:5
by Marcus Schmöger, 24 May 2002
Flag adopted 9th July 1956



See also:


Civil and State Flag

Landesflagge

[Saar (Germany)] 3:5
by Marcus Schmöger, 24 May 2002
Flag adopted 9th July 1956

The Land and state flag is black-red-gold and has the Arms in the middle. Proportions 3:5. It was adopted on the 9th July 1956 and came into force on the 1st January 1957. The 10th September 1956 is the date of publication in the Amtsblatt des Saarlandes (Official Bulletin of the Saar State). The dates are the same concerning the coat-of-arms.

Pascal Vagnat, 19 December 1995

The "normal" horizontal variant of the flag is described in the Law on State Symbols of 7 November 2001 as Flagge des Saarlandes als Hissflagge or Saar flag for hoisting. The coat-of-arms is in the center of the flag —not offset to the hoist, as is frequent in similar German flags— and a rather wide white border is provided around the coat-of-arms, although this is nowhere defined or described in the law. The illustration shows the hoist at the right of the observer, obviously indicating that the coat-of-arms should be separately applied on the obverse as well as on the reverse. Proportion 3:5; usage as civil and state service flag.

Marcus Schmöger, 24 May 2002


Flag Reverse

[Saar (Germany)]
by Marcus Schmöger, 24 May 2002 | 3:5


Vertical flag for hoisting from a crossbar

Bannerflagge

[Saar, vertical flag for hoisting from a crossbar (Germany)]
by Marcus Schmöger, 24 May 2002

The Law on State Symbols of 7 November 2001 shows a Flagge des Saarlandes als Bannerflagge or Saar flag as banner flag. This is the "banner" vertical variant, to be hung from a crossbar. The coat-of-arms is shown upright, slightly shifted to the top of the flag. Same size of the coat-of-arms, same white border as for the horizontal version. Proportion shown as 5:3, probably longer flags would be in use more frequently, for instance 5:2; usage as civil and state service flag.

Marcus Schmöger, 24 May 2002


Vertical flag for hoisting from a horizontal pole

Hängeflagge

[Saar, vertical flag for hoisting from a horizontal pole (Germany)]
by Marcus Schmöger, 24 May 2002

The Law on State Symbols of 7 November 2001 shows a Flagge des Saarlandes als Hängeflagge or Saar flag as vertical hanging flag. This the vertical variant hanging from a horizontal flag pole. Interestingly the illustration shows this flag like the horizontal flag, only turned by 90. That means the coat-of-arms is also turned by 90, different from the Bannerflagge. Same size of the coat-of-arms, same white border as above. Proportion shown as 5:3, probably longer flags would be in use more frequently, for instance 5:2; usage as civil and state service flag.

Marcus Schmöger, 24 May 2002


Coat-of-Arms

Wappen

[Coat-of-Arms (Saar, Germany)]
by Marcus Schmöger, 24 May 2002

From the Law on State Symbols of 7 November 2001:

1
Description
The state coat-of-arms (appendix 1) shows in a half-round shield quarterly, from the position of the bearer:
  1. Dexter chief: Azure seme of crosses Argent a Lion Argent crowned Or langued Gules,
  2. sinister chief: Argent a cross gyronny Gules,
  3. dexter base: Or on a bend Gules three alerions Argent,
  4. sinister base: Sable a lion Or crowned armed and langued Gules.
For the translation of the coat-of-arms' blazon thanks to Pascal Gross.

Marcus Schmöger, 26 May 2002

From Ralf Hartemink's International Civic Arms website:

The arms were adapted on July 9, 1956 and became official on the 1st of January, 1957.

The arms are a combination of four arms of families or areas that are importnat in the history of the State of Saarland. The arms show in the first quarter the arms of Saarbrücken, in the second quarter the arms of Trier, in the third the arms of Lorraine and in the fourth quarter the arms of the Pfalz.

The lion of Saarbrücken represents the influence first of the Counts of Saarbrücken until 1271, the Lords of Commercy from 1271-1381 and, since 1381, the Counts of Nassau-Saarbrücken. The latter family ruled a large part of the present state. The lion is the original lion of the counts of Saarbrücken. It is known from the early 13th century and from 1220 the lion is crowned. The crosses were added during the reign of the Lords of Commercy as Counts of Saarbrücken. At present the lion is double-tailed. This is known since 1744, in a description of the arms of Nassau-Saarbrücken.

A large part of the State, especially in the Southern and Western parts, the Counts of Lorraine (Lothringen) owned large areas and had much influence from the 11th century until the 16th century. The arms of Lorraine are known since the 12th century. See also the part on Lorraine in the French section of the site (when available).

The area around Zweibrücken was part of the Principality of Pfalz-Zweibrücken. The area was inherited in 1381 by the Wittelsbach family, who also ruled the Pfalz. Besides Zweibrücken they also aquired Homburg and Nohfelden.

The Bishops of Trier, finally, owned Sankt Wendel and some smaller areas. The cross is the arms of the state, not the city of Trier.

Literature: Stadler 1964-1972.

Santiago Dotor, 28 September 2005