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Vršac (Municipality, Serbia)

Last modified: 2006-07-22 by ivan sache
Keywords: vrsac | versec | werschitz | gyronny |
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History of Vršac

Vršac (Hungarian, Versec; German, Werschitz) is a town and district in Vojvdina, close to the Romanian border. The town has got 36,940 inhabitants (1990 census).

  • XIVth century: Foundation of the settlement by Serbian refugees.
  • 1439: First mention of the city, part of the Krasso county in the Kingdom of Hungary.
  • 1459 & 1481: Serbian settlements in the city.
  • 1552-1716: Part of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1717-1778 Part of the Governorate of Temesch in the Hapsburg Empire.
    • 1717-1751 and 1775-1778: Seat of a district.
  • 1778: Reunification of Governorate of Temesch with Hungary. Vršac part of the renewed Temes county.
  • 1795: Unification with a German neighbouring village.
  • 1804: Borough.
  • 1850-1861: After the defeat of the Hungarian Independence War (1848-1849), allocated to a new province (Governorate of Temes and Serbian Vojvodina).
  • 1861: Free Royal City.

The 1910 population census yielded 27,370 inhabitants, divided as follows:

  • Census by mother language:
    • German: 13,556 (49.5%)
    • Serbian: 8,602 (31.4%)
    • Hungarian: 3,890 (14.2%)
    • Romanian: 879 (3.2%)
    • Others: 443 (1.6%)
  • Census by religion:
    • Roman Catholic: 16,336 (59.7%)
    • Greek Orthodox: 9,544 (34.9%)
    • Jewish: 743 (2.7%)
    • Others: 747 (2.7%)

In 1919, the city was under French occupation. From 1920 (treaty of Trianon) to 1941, the city was incorporated to Yugoslavia. In 1941-1944, the area was occupied and annexed by Germany. The treaty of Paris reallocated it to Yugoslavia in 1947.

The city is the birthplace of the Hungarian writer Ferenc Herceg.

István Molnár, 9 October 2000

Former flag of Vršac (Versec)?

[Flag of Versec]

Former flag of Vršac - Image by István Molnár, 24 September 2002

The former flag of Vršac is a gironny of blue and white.

Source: Sándor Széll. Városaink neve, címere és lobogója [szs41].

István Molnár, 24 September 2002

Széll's book shows the flags of several cities formerly held by Hungary. The book is our only source of these flags, but it is not clear as to what period these flags were used as claimed by the book. I doubt very much that they were used during the time of Austria-Hungary. It seems very much more like they were designed in 1941 - but it is not even clear weather the designs shown in the Szell's book are just proposals or if they were ever prescribed in any formal way and after all whether they were used. At least for the moment, I believe that the former flag was in use at most in years 1941-1944.

Željko Heimer, 9 October 2005