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Pančevo (Municipality, Serbia)

Last modified: 2006-07-22 by ivan sache
Keywords: pancevo | pancsova | pantschowa |
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History of Pančevo

Pančevo (Hungarian, Pancsova ; German, Pantschowa ; Romanian, Panciova) is a town and district in Vojvodina, close to Belgrade, on the left bank of the Danube. The town has got 72,717 inhabitants (1990 census).

  • Roman era: Mention of a fort
  • IXth century: Mention of Fort Panuka or Pancsal
  • 1241-42: Destruction of the fort by the Mongols and its rebuilding by Bela IV. The settlement was part of the Keve county in the Kingdom of Hungary.
  • 1552-1716: Part of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1717-1778 Part of the Governorate of Temesch in the Hapsburg Empire.
  • 1778: Reunification of Governorate of Temesch with Hungary. Pančevo part of the renewed Torontal county.
  • 1794: Free Royal City.

The 1910 population census yielded 20,808 inhabitants, divided as follows:

  • Census by mother language:
    • Serbian: 8,714 (41.9%)
    • German: 7,467 (35.9%)
    • Hungarian: 3,364 (16.2%)
    • Romanian: 769 (3.7%)
    • Slovak: 244 (1.2%)
    • Croatian: 135 (0.6%)
    • Others: 115 (0.6%)
  • Census by religion:
    • Greek Orthodox: 9,361 (45.0%)
    • Roman Catholic: 7,510 (36.1%)
    • Lutheran: 1,979 (9.5%)
    • Calvinist: 999 (4.8%)
    • Jewish: 708 (3.4%)
    • Others: 251 (1.2%)

From 1918/1920 (Declaration of Novi Sad /Treaty of Trianon) to 1941, the city was incorporated to Yugoslavia. In 1941, the area was occupied and annexed by Germany. The Treaty of Paris reallocated it to Yugoslavia in 1947.

István Molnár, 9 October 2000

Former flag of Pančevo (Pancsova)?

[Pancevo, 1941-1947]

Former flag of Pančevo - Image by István Molnár, 24 September 2002

Source: Sándor Széll. Városaink neve, címere és lobogója [szs41].

István Molnár, 24 September 2002

Széll's book shows the flags of several cities formerly held by Hungary. The book is our only source of these flags, but it is not clear as to what period these flags were used as claimed by the book. I doubt very much that they were used during the time of Austria-Hungary. It seems very much more like they were designed in 1941 - but it is not even clear weather the designs shown in the Szell's book are just proposals or if they were ever prescribed in any formal way and after all whether they were used. At least for the moment, I believe that the former flag was in use at most in years 1941-1944.

Željko Heimer, 9 October 2005