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Novi Sad (Municipality, Serbia)

Last modified: 2006-07-22 by ivan sache
Keywords: novi sad | ujvidek | neusatz |
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History of Novi Sad

Novi Sad (Hungarian, Ujvidek; German, Neusatz) is a town and district, and the capital city of Vojvodina, on the left bank of the Danube. The town has got 178,896 inhabitants (1990 census).

  • 1237: First mention of the settlement, as Petervar, part of Bács County in the Kingdom of Hungary.
  • 1526: Occupation and devastation by the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1688: Liberation from the Ottoman rule.
  • 1692 & 1739: Establishment of Serbian refugees.
  • 1748: Free Royal City with the new name of Neoplanta granted by Queen Maria Theresa.
  • 1848-1861: The city was part of the Serbian Vojvodina and Banat of Tamis.

The 1910 population census yielded 33,590 inhabitants, divided as follows:

  • Census by mother language:
    • Hungarian: 13,343 (39.7%)
    • Serbian: 11,594 (34.5%)
    • German: 5,918 (17.6%)
    • Slovak: 1,453 (4.3%)
    • Ruthenian: 332 (1.0%)
    • Others: 950 (2.8%)
  • Census by religion:
    • Roman Catholic: 13,383 (39.8%)
    • Greek Orthodox: 11,553 (34.4%)
    • Lutheran: 3,089 (9.2%)
    • Calvinist: 2,755 (8.2%)
    • Jewish: 2,318 (6.9%)
    • Others: 492 (1.5%)

From 1918/1920 (Declaration of Novi Sad / Treaty of Trianon) to 1941, the city was incorporated to Yugoslavia. In 1941, the area was occupied and annexed by Hungary. The Treaty of Paris reallocated it to Yugoslavia in 1947.

István Molnár, 8 October 2000

Former flag of Novi Sad (Ujvidek)?

[Novi Sad, 1941-1947]

Former flag of Novi Sad - Image by István Molnár, 24 September 2002

The former flag of Novi Sad has seven unequal blue and white vertical stripes.

Source: Sándor Széll. Városaink neve, címere és lobogója [szs41].

István Molnár, 24 September 2002

Széll's book shows the flags of several cities formerly held by Hungary. The book is our only source of these flags, but it is not clear as to what period these flags were used as claimed by the book. I doubt very much that they were used during the time of Austria-Hungary. It seems very much more like they were designed in 1941 - but it is not even clear weather the designs shown in the Szell's book are just proposals or if they were ever prescribed in any formal way and after all whether they were used. At least for the moment, I believe that the former flag was in use at most in years 1941-1944.

Željko Heimer, 9 October 2005