Last modified: 2006-06-09 by dov gutterman
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The status of Republica Srpska is like this - it is one of the
two entities formating the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. RS is
unitary state (subdivided in municipalities - obstine),
presidential parlamentary democracy.
Municipalities have (right to) flags, of which I believe we have see only the flag of Srpsko Sarajevo and Bileca, and which follow the Serbian vexillologic practice (square banners of arms).
The other enitity of B&H is the Federaion of Bosnia and Herzegovina (note the possible confuzion of the two!), being what was formerly often called Croatian-Muslim(Bosniak) federation. It consists of 10 cantons (kanton/zupanija), further subdivided into municipalities.
I found the a book with all the cantonal constitution of the
Federation of BIH. All the constitutions mention that the canton
(kanton for the Bosniacs - zupanija for the Bosnian Croats) can
have its own coat of arms, flag, seal and hymn. Only two
constitutions were describing the coa and the flag: I didn't
understand, but: - these two canton were cantons with a croat
majority as there was written "zupanija" and as the
coat of arms (as far as I understood) was based on the coat of
arms of Croatia and the flag being red-white-blue
Pascal Vagnat 17 October 1999
A few days ago, the city of Brcko
in Bosnia & Herzegovina was proclaimed to be a separate
district, apart from the Serbian Republic as well as the
(Moslem-Croatian) Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Jan Zrzavy, 10 March 2000
Each canton is designated a number from 1 to 10 (either in
"normal" or in Roman numerals). Then there is one or
two local names (Bosnian, Croatian) and there is English version,
hat is not official, AFAIK, but much used regarding how many
international organizations are present there. As I have noted
before, in Croatian names the word "z<upanija" was
'popular' until recnetly the contitutional court decided that
'kanton' should be used also in Croatian version.
eljko Heimer, 15 May 2000