Last modified: 2006-06-09 by ian macdonald
Keywords: tonga | mullet | crown | clubs | swords | dove |
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Quartered: 1. or three mullets argent; 2. gules a royal crown or; 3. azure a
dove volant holding in beak an olive branch vert; 4. or three swords in saltire
handled gules; overall a mullet argent ensigned with a cross couped gules.
National Geographic (1917) shows slightly different flag: in the fourth quarter it does not show the swords, but clubs, described as "big sticks" (quotes in National Geographic, 1917). I would have been ready to dismiss it as an inaccuracy, but with help of Marcus Schmöger, I notice that similar clubs are shown in Flaggenbuch (1926). Flaggenbuch (1939) does have the swords (though not with red handles, but I would not take that as important). So, it seems that in late 1920's or early 1930's the clubs became swords. Ivan Sache quotes Smith (1975) "The current royal family is successor to three lines of kings — hence the three swords". However the same explanation might go for the three clubs.
From rulers.org, here is a list of Kings/Queens of Tonga:
4 Nov 1875 - 18 Feb 1893 George Tupou I (b. 1798? - d. 1893)
18 Feb 1893 - 12 Apr 1918 George Tupou II (b. 1874 - d. 1918)
12 Apr 1918 - 16 Dec 1965 Salote Tupou III (f) (b. 1900 - d. 1965)
16 Dec 1965 - Taufa'ahau Tupou IV (b. 1918)
Queen Salote succeeded to the throne in 1918, and it may have been at that point when the sticks were dropped for swords, but the flag books possibly did not made the change immediately, or the change was not done at once... However, the change would have been also in her coat of arms.
The www.christian-siemer.de site does not mention any change in coat of arms, though.
Željko Heimer, 1 April 2003
Source: Talocci 1994. Its symbolism is:
Marcus Wendel, 5 September 1999
Concerning the Royal Flag, Smith 1980 says: "The [three] stars stand for the main island groups united in Tonga (Tongatapu, Ha'apai, Vava'u). Christianity's dove of peace holds a myrtle leaf, emblem of national unity."
Proportion of the flag is listed as 26:37. Another detail is available only in
Smith 1975: "The current royal family is successor to three lines of kings hence the three swords."
Ivan Sache, 31 December 1999
The image in the World Flag
Database web-site is derived from an actual Royal flag provided by Alfred
Znamierowski. I don't believe many such flags exist in Tonga so an actual one
represents a good source when an official design is missing. It could be that
other versions exist, but not knowing them, I don't find correct to 'guess' the
crown, or other details, design.
Mario Fabretto, 4 February 2006
image by Željko Heimer, 4 April 2003
Flaggenbuch (1926) shows an earlier version
of the flag, mainly different by having clubs instead of swords in the fourth
quarter, and a different crown. The mullet and cross are also smaller.
Željko Heimer, 4 April 2003