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Transcaucasia in the Soviet Union

Last modified: 2005-10-08 by antonio martins
Keywords: transcaucasia | caucasus | zsfsr | fsssrz | zssrfs | star with hammer and sickle | crescent: points up | bank note |
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Presentation of Transcaucasian SFSR

It was established in March 12 1922 as Federal Union of Socialist Soviet Republics of Transcaucasus, ФСССРЗ (FSSSRZ); reorganised in December 13 1922 to ЗСФСР (ZSFSR), Transcaucasian Socialistic Federal Soviet Republic (Закавказсая Социалистическая Федеративная Советская Республика).
Gvido Petersons, 26 Mar 1999

After the three republics (Armenia, Azerbaidjan, and Georgia) had been conquered by the Red Army, a Transcaucasian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic was formed in 1922, becoming a Union Republic of the USSR in the same year. In 1936 this republic was abolished and Armenia, Azerbaidjan, and Georgia were established as Union Republics.
Jarig Bakker, 26 Mar 1999,
quoting Everymanís Concise Encyclopaedia of Russia, S. V. Utechin, 1961

Earlier flag

[Flag of ZKSFSR]
image by Jaume Ollé, 13 Jan 1997

I suppose the "ZSSRFS" on the flag above is either an error: should be either ZSFSR or FSSSRZ.
Jorge Candeias, 26 Mar 1999

"ZSSRFS" might mean "Закавказских Социалистических Советских Республик Федеративный Союз" | "Zakavkazskiq Socialistiĉeskiq Sovetskiq Respublik Federativnyĭ Soûz".
Zdenek KlŪma, 10 Mar 2005

Flag of the 1930ís

[Flag of ZKSFSR in 1930ís]
image by Mark Sensen, 13 May 1996

Red with red star fimbriated yellow, one point pointing to upper hoist. In the star yellow hammer and sickle. Beneath the star yellow cyrillic initials (ZSFSR) in sanserif, curved.
Mark Sensen, 13 May 1996

In a 1923 banknote Iíve found what seems to be a red flag with a five pointed star belonging to the Federation of Socialist Soviet Republics of Transcaucasia, flown on top of a bulding (perhaps the Soviet) in Erevan (?).
M. V. Blanes, 11 Feb 2000

Coat of arms


Coat of arms of ZKSFSR
image by Wilson Lin, 26 Mar 1999

I have found a picture of the arms of the ZSFSR (again on a banknote): a five-pointed star with ornamental design (similar to the present Georgian arms), in the center a mountain range with three peaks (the 3 republics?), plus sunburst and hammer&sickle.
Harald MŁller, 08 May 1996


In the reverse of a 1923 banknote there is the coat of arms of the FSSRT which seems to have been used until 1924, when it became the Transcaucasian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic (TCFSR).
M. V. Blanes, 11 Feb 2000