Last modified: 2006-07-29 by antonio martins
Keywords: checheno-ingushia | ingushia | chechenia |
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In 1940, a rebellion broke out in the
Chechno-Ingushetian Republic and established contacts with the advancing
German army. For that, Chechens and Ingush
were subjected to mass deportations starting in 1944.
Jaume Ollé, 26 Feb 2000
My book SSSR — Administrativno-territorialhnoe Delenie Soûznyq Respublik, of 1980, lists the following chronology for Chechenia and Ingushia:
Both chechen and ingush peoples were deported at the same time
(February 1944). Chechen-Ingush ASSR was then supressed, even part of
its territory was ceded to Georgia. In 1957
Chechen-Ingush ASSR was restored (along with Kalmyk
ASSR, Kabardino-Balkar ASSR and Karachai
AR). Flags attributed to these entities between 1944 and 1957 are,
certainly, due to an error.
Antonio Gutiérrez, 29 Jun 1999
According to Theodore Shabad’s Geography of the USSR (New York, 1951) pp. 228-230:
Groznyy Oblast was formed in 1944 on the site of the former Chechen-Ingush Autonomous SSR and includes the territory of the former Kizlyar Okrug, which was originally part of the Dagestan Autonomous SSR and from 1938 until 1944 in Ordzhonikidze Kray…
The territoty of the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous SSR was distributed in 1944; the southern mountain strip passed to the Georgian SSR, the westernmost section to the North Ossetian Autonomous SSR, an eastern zone to the Dagestan Autonomous SSR, while the bulk of the territory made up part of the newly constituted Groznyy Oblast…
Jarig Bakker, 27 Jun 1999
This «newly constituted Groznyy Oblast» is just the former
Chechen-Ingush ASSR under a new name (and “downgarded” to
the non-ethnical cathegory of oblasth).
The key word here is «the bulk of the territory», all the
rest are probbably minor borderline rearrangements, and not a
“dismembering” of this unit (although I’m
surprised that territory was interchanged from a SSR to another).
(Naturally, my 1980 soviet handbook about territorial divisions
ignores all this.)
António Martins, 29 Jun 1999
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