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Transylvania (Romania)

Last modified: 2005-12-31 by rob raeside
Keywords: transylvania | romania | ardeal | erdely | siebenburgen |
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image by António Martins-Tuválkin, 8 November 2005

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The flag of Transylvania was red-yellow-blue, horizontally divided - the yellow was smaller than red (and the blue). Source: Book: "A székelyek nyomában; Budapest 1981"
István Molnár, 9 January 2002

A web page at [no longer available] showed the Coat of Arms; you can find in the Romanian Coat of Arms 1920-194? and 1990-now and in the middle Coat of Arms of Hungary before 1918.

The gold Sun and Moon in the blue field relates to the Szekely's (Hungarian peoples in Harghita-Covasna-Mures counties today (formerly Székely Land). The Black Eagle relates to the Hungarians (of course the noble Hungarians). The seven castle in the yellow field relate to the Saxon settlers who lived in Transylvania from the Middle Ages to the Ceausescu era.

Transylvania became grand-duchy on 2nd of November 1765 by Queen Maria Theresa Queen of Hungary. Transylvania was grand-duchy 1765-1848 and 1849-1867.
István Molnár, 26 November 2000

The Coat of Arms of the Transylvanian princes:
István Molnár, 11 January 2001

Flag Used in 1918

image by António Martins-Tuválkin, 9 November 2005

The Transylvanian national flag, the flag adopted in 1918, is a horizontal tricolor of red, green, and white. This is from Minahan (1996) "Nations Without States, Greenwood Press, 1996. pg 579. I know this text is infamous for not showing the flags in color or for listing separate flag sources, but this is one of the very few times in the book where he mentions a date of a flag adoption (during its brief period of independence 28 Oct 1918 - 1 Dec 1918).
Ben Cahoon, 9 November 2005