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Last modified: 2006-09-30 by antónio martins
Keywords: astronomy |
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Astronomical symbols

symbol“planet”alchem. ass. symb. origin/mnem.
Moon silver (Ag)crescent
Mercury mercury (Hg)Hermes’ staff
Venus copper (Cu)handheld mirror
Sun gold (Au)Sun disc
Mars iron (Fe)shield and spear
Jupiter tin (Sn)
Saturn lead (Pb)sickle
Neputne trident
Pluto "P"+"L" monogram
(combined from contributions below)

The traditional astrological symbol for Mars is also used as the scientific symbol for male, in the same way that the astrological symbol for Venus, a circle with a cross below it, is used scientifically for female. All the planets (plus the sun and moon) have similar representations.
James Dignan, 19 Jul 2004

The Mars symbol is basically a shield and spear (Mars/Ares was the god of war.) Each of the “planets” (that included the sun and moon in those days) was also associated with a metal in medieval alchemy
Albert Kirsch, 19 Jul 2004

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