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Aljustrel Municipality (Portugal)

Last modified: 2006-09-30 by antónio martins
Keywords: aljustrel | coat of arms (fountain) | fountain | cross: saint james (purple) | order of santiago | crescent: points up (golden) |
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Aljustrel municipality
image by Jorge Candeias
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About the flag

It’s flag is a typical quarterly flag of purple over white. My sources show the flag with a reddish purple, but this is not indicated in the decree that established it. It has the municipal coat of arms in the center, as always. The coat of arms has a 4-towered mural crown, a typical scroll that reads "VILA DE ALJUSTREL" and the shield is black charged with a fountain and in chief a golden crescent facing upwards, sided by two purple crosses of the Santiago Order. A more recent source shows these arms with a thin white border around the shield and a different shape of the fountain.
Jorge Candeias, 16 May 1998

Guessing the meaning of the coat of arms, I’d say that this territory was attributed to the Order of Santiago after it’s conquest to the moors (an educated guess, since most of the territory in today’s southern Portugal was at that feudal times attributed to this or that order). The crescent reflects the moor inheritage, and the fountain relates perhaps to some thermal location. This is a total guess, because I’m not aware of any thermal places in Aljustrel. However, fountains in portuguese heraldry usually refer to that, and there are a number of springs in the municipality’s territory, so I may not be too wrong.
Jorge Candeias, 16 May 1998

Version without the coat of arms

Aljustrel plain flag
image by Jorge Candeias

Presentation of Aljustrel

Aljustrel is a town that belongs to the district of Beja, old province of Baixo Alentejo. The municipality has 455,7 sq. km of area and about 11 800 inhabitants in 5 communes. It is a very poor municipality, with an economy based in agriculture and mining industries, although these are facing a huge crisis right now, thus there is a lot of unemployement there.
Jorge Candeias, 16 May 1998

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