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Sonora, Mexico

Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora

Last modified: 2005-04-23 by juan manuel gabino villascán
Keywords: mexico | sonora | coat of arms | unofficial flag |
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Note: Sonora has no official flag, but one in white charged with the coat of arms is broadly used:

[Sonora 4:7[Non-official proportions]
[Defacto flag]
[One or more variants under the same basic design]
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, October 06, 2001.
See: Coat of arms on white background: unofficial flags

See: Other site:

Presentation of Sonora

  • Official name: Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora / Free and Sovereign State of Sonora
  • Short-form names: Estado de Sonora / State of Sonora; Sonora.
  • Location: Located in the northwestern part of Mexico.
    It neighbors the States of Chihuahua (E), Sinaloa (SE), Baja California (NW), and the Pacific Ocean (Gulf of California) (W) and the United States of America (N)
  • Area: 180,833 km2
  • Municipalities: 70
  • Population: 1'823,606 inhabitants (1990)
  • Capital: Hermosillo (Pop.: 281,000)
  • Statehood: October 3, 1830
  • Arms adopted: Unknown date.

Reported by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, October 06, 2001.

Coat of arms

by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, October 06, 2001.

The Sonora Coat of Arms features the main traditions and most important economic activities make the State famous among its counterparts, it is a squarish samnitic (“french”) shield, party per fess. The chief is in turn parted per chevron in white, showing a Yaqui performing the traditional Deer Dance (Yaqui Deer Dancer) in propper colors; the dexter triangle is vert, a mine entrance in naturalistic rendition charged with a pick and shovel , crossed per saltire (representing the labors that made Sonora one of the richest mining areas in the region); the sinister triangle is gules, a row of three bundles of wheath in perspective (so that the first is larger and obscures the following), charged over all with a sickle sable. The lower part is parted per pale, being the dexter or, a cow's head in a taxidermic position in propper colors, and the sinister filled with a map of the state in yellow (lacking the visible portions of Baja California, but showing Isla Tiburón, just off of Kino Bay), with sea in blue and a tuna fish, one of the main sea resourses of the state. Bordure azure, charged in point with the lettering "ESTADO DE SONORA" (State of Sonora) in upper case letters gules, being the word "DE" slightly smaller.

António Martins, June 22, 1999;
Adrián Fuentes, July 29, 1999; and
Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, January 17, 2002