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San Luis Potosí, Mexico
Estado Libre y Soberano de San Luis Potosí
Last modified: 2005-03-05 by juan manuel gabino villascán
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Note: San Luis Potosí has no official flag, but one in white charged
with the coat of arms is broadly used:
Presentation of San Luis Potosí
- Official name: Estado Libre y Soberano de San Luis Potosí / Free and
Sovereign State of San Luis Potosí
- Short-form names: Estado de San Luis Potosí / State of San Luis Potosí;
San Luis Potosí.
- Name's meaning: It was granted to the city in honor of his founder Luis of Leija. Potosí was
aded after the Bolivian Potosí since that is located on a rich minning soil,
like that of the Bolivian city.
- Location: Land-locked state, located in Center-North of Mexico.
It neighbors the Mexican States of:
Nuevo León and
Querétaro de Arteaga and
Guanajuato (S), and
- Area: 63,038 km2
- Municipalities: 56
- Population: 2'003,187 inhabitants
- Capital: San Luis Potosí (Pop.: 239,000)
- Statehood: 1824
- Arms adopted: May 30, 1656.
INEGI and SEP
Reported by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, October 06, 2001.
Coat of arms
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, October 06, 2001.
The Encyclopedia Britannica says the name for the
Bolivian city of
Potosí and the department are taken from the mountain Cerro Potosí. The
mountain's name is attributed by legend to a Quecha Indian word - potojchi -
meaning thunder. The encyclopedia does not give the origin of the name of
the Mexican city San Luis Potosi', but does say it was not founded until
1583 as a Franscican mission, while the Potosi' in Bolivia was founded about
San Luis Potosí was named "City" on May 30, 1656, granting it a coat of arms
featured by a mount, that one of "San Pedro" (St. Peter), on a field parted
azur and gold, with two stripes of silver on azur, and other two on gold. At
the top of height, a depiction of San Luis, King of France.
So it is possible the friars named it after the Bolivian city for some
reason. But perhaps it is only a coincidence, and the Potosí in Mexico came
from a different word in a Mexican Indian language.
Ned Stmith, Sept. 7, 1999.
SLP Coat of Arms official web page
Quoted and translated by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, November 21, 2001.