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Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

Last modified: 2005-01-08 by juan manuel gabino villascán
Keywords: mexico | guadalajara | jalisco | coat of arms | unofficial flag |
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Flag of Guadalajara, Jalisco, México 4:7[Non-official proportions]
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, October 06, 2001.

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Guadalajara is a city located West of Mexico in the Atemajac valley, between the Sierra Madre Occidental, the Pacific coast, and the Chapala lowlands. Guadalajara is the header of the the same-named municipality and at the same time, the capital city of the State of Jalisco. It is an important cultural and administrative center founded in 1532 by Spaniard Nuño de Guzmán. It main industries are fur, chemical, textile, automotive, among others.
Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, October 06, 2001.

Flag of Guadalajara

From Flag Report 13,
by Jaume Ollé
May 9, 2001

The first news of the existence of a flag in the state of Jalisco came to me through a young Mexican vexillologist who gave me the colours and said me that the flag could be seen in Guadalajara quite often. Nevertheless, I believe, that contradictory news were mixed, on the one hand the existence of a flag project with blue and yellow colours and on the other hand the exhibition of a flag with these colours as local flag of the city of Guadalajara, that apparently was based on the supposed colours of the Kingdom of Nueva Galicia.

In my last trip to Guadalajara I found that the city has a flag for its own as already reported by Mr. Jaume Ollé in Flag Report 13. Unfortunately I could not find any legal statement about it. The flag is divided horizontally into three stripes: blue, yellow (gold), blue. The yellow stripe fills 50% of the flag. The coat of arms in the center. The are variants (specially "desk of table flags" and pennants showing equal-sized stripes).

At the headquarters (main building), there were not flags, but, in the central yard were hanging from the balcony pennants like this:

Pennant of Guadalajara, Jalisco, México, as hoisted in the Municipal headquarters. by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán.

While at other building, called "delegación municipal", the flag, as shown a top of this page, is flown a top of it. At the same building (delegación), I was allowed to enter the meeting-room where there is another flag, this is used in local civic ceremonies.

Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, December 08, 2004.

Coat of arms of Guadalajara

Coat of arms of Guadalajara, Jalisco, México
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, October 06, 2001.

The coat of arms consists of an "Iberian" shield (round pointed with parallel sides and flat top), azure, two lions or holding a tree in natural colors, and tressure or charged with seven saltires gules. Helm argent, crowned with a red burgee (?) charged with a cross potent (?) or, mantled of the first. In the web there is a pseudo 3D image showing a slightly different version, with border instead of tressure, but I guess this is an simplification error.
António Martins, 22 Jun 1999

This coat of arms was given to the City of Guadalajara by Royal decree of H.M. King Carlos V in 1542, the year the city was founded. Truly unprecedented, as it was not in the policy of the Crown to give Coats of Arms to cities in the New World, it was done probably because rather than being a conquered city, it was one that was founded anew by and for Spaniards. We can see in the centre, a tree with two lions climbing it. Does this look familiar? Yes, it resembles the coat of arms of Madrid. Yet, rather than a single bear climbing up a tree, we see two lions. This is no surprise, as the New World was colonized out of Andalucía. And just like the Andalusian dialect was the one taken to the New World, so it was shown in the influence of this Coat of Arms, as Andalucía's has two lions, those were put in place of the bear. Thus, we can see the influence of both Castilla and Andalucía in Guadalajara.
Jesus Aceves, 14 Nov 1998

It is remarkable that the Guadalajara and the Jalisco coat of arms are not exactly the same though both of them keep the same elements. The differences could be found in:

1. The shield's field;
2. The mantling; and,
3. The plume.

Such differences are not a casuality but deliberated in order to distinguish one from another.

Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, October 06, 2001.