Last modified: 2006-01-21 by antonio martins
Keywords: shield: pentagonal | coat of arms | banner of arms | schwankel | tongue | chief: national flag | star: 5 points (green) | pentagram |
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* Editorial note: Since the Moroccan government considers Western Sahara as a part of its own territory, it has included it in its administrative divisions’ structure, wich we reflect on this page and on those linked to it. This does not necessarily imply any partiality on the territorial issue in question, as also doesn’t the existence of our page about the flags of sahrawi independentists and RASD.
Here is an update on the Moroccan administrative divisions, based on the Dahir cherifien (Royal decree) bearing law #1.74.688 from 3 April 1975:
Morocco is divided into 16 regions, themselves divided into provinces. Let us take as example for the lower divisions the province of Tiznit, part of the region of Sous-Massa-Draa. The province of Tiznit is divided into the five circles of Sidi Ifni, Tafraout, Anezi, Lakhssais and Tiznit. The lower level is made of 14 kaidates, divided into 4 pashaliks (Tiznit, Sidi Ifni, Lakhssais and Tafraout) and 40 rural municipalities. (Map available on line)
In Northern Africa, a kaid (from Arabic "al-qa’id | ال قعيد", the leader) was a civil servant with extended duties in justice, administration and police. In the Ottoman Empire, a pasha (a Turkish word) was a province governor. The matching administrative division, a pashalik, was also called a sandjak (that is, literally, a banner).Ivan Sache, 31 Oct 2004
I spent in September one week in the south of Morocco. As I had
reported it durign my first visit in Marrakesh
some ten years ago,
I have not been able to see any other [territorial] flag than the
national flag of Morocco.
Several bodies (municipalities, police, army) have coat of arms
displayed on shields, entrance gates etc., but apparently not used
on flags of any kind.
Ivan Sache, 31 Oct 2004
In 1976, an administrative reform in Morocco was carried out with the
annexation of the Western Sahara* (November 1975). These new provinces
stocked flags with horizontal stripes and a pentagonal shield of the
coats of arms. Some coats of arms have become unchanged. Other coats of arms
were modified or were new created. They were valid until 1997.
Jens Pattke, 29 Jun 2001
The images of the flags of this former provinces are
shown in Flaggenmitteilungen 131
Falko Schmidt, 29 Jan 2001
I have the following flags of Moroccan provinces and municipalities (the old ones: 37 provinces, 5 municipalities):
Looking at the flags it is hard not to notice the strange pentagonal
sheld of the coats of arms. Is there any explanation / tradition / story to
tell? One idea would be the “imitation” of the Solomon’s seal — the pentagon
of the national flag.
Željko Heimer, 14 Jan 1999
Why is it that many coats of arms in these flags do not match the coats
of arms of the wilayas as shown in the
Maybe these latter are still the old Spanish/French coats of arms? Certainly
many of these have Spanish heraldic features, like bordures with charges,
Santiago Dotor, 21 Jan 1999
On 3 March 1968 H.M. King Hassan II of Morocco established coats of arms for the provinces of that country. The design include some traditional emblems but are for the most part modern creations. A few are related to the arms of the principle city of the province. The provincial flags are of a uniform pattern. Each is square with the arms of the province surmounted by a red schwenkel bearing a green pentagram, representing the national flag.
Incidentally means Falko Schmidt, the reform of the administrative
structure was not in the year 1976 but only in the year 1983. The means,
the flags were used longer?
Jens Pattke, 28 Jun 2001
At the beginning of the 1960ies, the Royal Heraldic Office of Morocco established coats of arms for the cities of the kingdom. The design includes some traditional emblems but are for the most part modern creations. The muncipial flags are of a uniform pattern. Each is square with the arms of the muncipality (without surmounted schwenkel).
The actual coat-of-arms is on a pentagonal shield. The complete
coat-of-arms exists with postament, crest, supporter and motto.
The flags are the shape of the shield on quadratic cloth
Jens Pattke, 04 Jul 2001