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Daimyo Flags, 19th Century

Last modified: 2004-12-11 by phil nelson
Keywords: daimyo | mon | japan: feudal flags | date | uwajima | makino | nagaoka | ogasawara | kokura | ii | hikone |
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Ottfried Neubecker, in "Le grand livre de l'heraldique" (French edition of "Heraldry: sources, symbols and meaning"), mentions as a source for Daimyo flags: H.G. Stroehl "Japanisches Wappenbuch 'Nihon Moncho' ", Wien (1906) and shows on p. 210-211 some standards used by the Damyos of the coast in the 19th century.
Ivan Sache, 03 January 2000

Date, daimyo of Uwajima

[Date, Daimyo of Uwajima]
by Ivan Sache

Makino, daimyo of Nagaoka

[Makino, daimyo of Nagaoka]
by Ivan Sache

Ogasawara, daimyo of Kokura

[Ogasawara, daimyo of Kokura]
by Ivan Sache

Ii, daimyo of Hikone

[Ii, daimyo of Hikone]
by Ivan Sache

Unknown Daimyo flag

[unknown Daimyo flag]
by Jaume Ollé

This flag is from several old plates. It appears to be an erroneous flag flag or the flag of Tokugawa, the Japanese shogun dinasty, c. 1850.
Jaume Ollé, 4 January 2000

I have investigated this flag from lots of flag-related books/records available in Japan but cannot find out description of such flag.

The flag is erroneous and has been reported mistakenly to Europe/America in 1850's . But the fact was found that in 1854 Tokugawa shogunate adopted Hinomaru as civil ensign and white, "black", white horizontal flag as Shogunate vessel's ensign together with streamer of white/blue/white/blue/white/blue stripes hoisted. The white and black colours were used by the Tokugawa family.

I suppose Europeans (Dutch, I believe) reported this Shogunate vessel's ensign with wrong colours.

More interestingly until 1854 there was a reversed proposal in Shogunate that Hinomaru be Tokugawa Shogunate vessel's ensign and white. black, white stripes be civil ensign.

Incidentally the Meiji government restored/modified this idea in Japanese civil ensign (white, black, white horizontal stripes with hinomaru in the center) for a short period between 1870-1875.
Nozomi Kariyasu, 29 October 2000