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Hungary - Historical Flags (1946-1989)

Last modified: 2006-06-17 by dov gutterman
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Hungarian People's Republic Flag (1949-1956)
image by Željko Heimer

See also:

Other sites:

  • NÉKOSZ flag (Népi Kollégiumok Országos Szövetsége - Country Assotiation of the Popular Hostels)


Hungary from 1 February 1946 to 20 August 1949 was a republic. The official name was: Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság).
The republic used the tricolour and the tricolour with the Kossuth Coat of Arms. The official Coat of Arms was the "Kossuth Coat of Arms"
Between 20 Augist 1949 - 23 October 1989 Hungarian People's Republic was the official English form of the name of the country. The above flag with Rákosi Coat of Arms was used from 20 Augist 1949 to 23 October 1989. In 1956-1957 the "Kossuth Coat of Arms" was used and the flag was the tricolour. From 1957 the flag with Kádár Coat of Arms was in use.
István Molnár, 10 November 2000

I read in a soviet book that the "Kossuth Coat of Arms" is a Coat of Arms with three stripes of national colours  (like the Coat of Arms of 1957-1989). Now I know that it was a mistake... "Kossuth Coat of Arms" is the Hungarian Coat of Arms without crown. Why only in 1956-1957 "the flag was the tricolour" ? As I know the Coat of Arms was removed from the flag by Law No 11 in 1957. The Coat of Arms existed until 1990.
Victor Lomantsov, 12 November 2000

Rákosi's Flag (1949-1956)

image by Željko Heimer

At Sesam Encyclopedie (1977) - Hungary: Ra'kosi's flag, charge slightly larger, compared to the image above, going into the green and red
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 30 September 2000

1956 Uprising

image by Sándor Kiss, 3 September 1998

During the Hungarian uprising against the communist authorities in 1956, the communist arms were removed from the center of their flag, leaving a hole. The Hungarian-flag-with-hole is still used by the Association of Political Prisoners (translation approximate, but essentially those Hungarians imprisoned after the uprising - the organization now commands some considerable influence in Hungary). The newspaper of the association is (or maybe was, as my info. is some years old) 'The Hole'. I used to have a metal lapel pin of the Hungarian flag, complete with hole, given to me by a friend who was a member. The hole was bigger than just the white stripe, since the arms also stretched into the red and green fields.
Stuart A. Notholt, 3 November 1996

The flag at <> has been given to the European Council on the 23rd of June 1999. This is an original flag. This flag has got the "Arms of the Revolution" since 24th of October 1956. Till 1989 the flag was in the USA to represent the Hungarian Freedom. On 16th of June 1989 the flag was a participant in the reburial ceremony of Imre Nagy, the Prime Minister in the days of the Revolution and Independence War. He was executed on the 16th June 1958.
István Molnár, 1 November 2000

At our church, St. Stephen of Hungary (Burlington, Ontario, Canada), we also have an authentic 1956 Hungarian flag, with the crest cut out, of course.  I am unsure of this particular flag's history, but I could look into it, if you like.  It is displayed three times a year: 1) On the Friday nearest October 23rd, when our scout troop takes it out to a nearby cemetary where we had a monument raised in rememberance of the Revolution, where we have a ceremony (often in the rain, for some reason), involving revolutionary poems, prayers, patriotic songs, and firsthand accounts by people who fought in the Revolution.  2) On the Sunday following said date, when it, the Canadian flag, and the boys' and girls' scout troops (not girl guides or whatnot) flags are displayed for a "zászlós mise", a "flags' mass".  And, lastly, 3) At the luncheon following said mass, when it is paraded before local dignitaries, often including the mayor and the Hungarian Consul from Toronto.
Georges Kovari, 2 November 2000

It should perhaps be pointed out that this flag ceased to be an exclusively historic flag. In recent years, it has very much become a political flag, specifically a symbol of opposition to Hungary's current administration.
Thorsten, 23 October 2003

There is a photo at Élet és Tudomány (22 October 2004), of a tricolour with the Kossuth Coat of Arms in October 1956 at the demolished Stalin Statue.   The Kossuth Coat of Arms (Coat of Arms without crown) has been used by the people at the revolutionary era:1849, 1918, 1948, 1956, 1989.
István Molnár, 21 October 2004

During May of 2004, there was a flag with a hole flying outside the Hungarian Parliament building in Budapest. Here is my photograph: <> where it can be seen that the hole occupies the white band of the flag only and does not extend beyond that. The flag is on its own flag pole in the grassed area, away from the building, with a metal barrier around it.
Colin Dobson, 21 March 2006

Vertical Rememberence Flag

image by István Molnár, 6 November 2001

Kádár's Flag (1957-1989)

image by Sandor Kiss, 3 September 1998

Communist Flags

While visiting the Hungarian National Museum, I took some photos of tipical communist flags, such as Winner flag of the Working Emulation of the Rákosi Shift 1953, The ambulatory Flag of the Central Comittee of the Association of the Working Youth - to The Best Helper Local Organisation of the AWY at the Cotton Growing and ambulatory flag of the Cabinet Council of the Peoples Republic of Hungary - to the Leading Farmer's Co-operative Farm of the Country II." 
István Molnár, 20 February 2006