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Dubravica (Zagreb, Croatia)

Opc'ina Dubravica

Last modified: 2004-07-03 by dov gutterman
Keywords: zagreb | croatia | dubravica |
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by Zeljko Heimer, 10 June 2004

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Dubravica is a community in north-western corner of the Zagreb County some 20 km NW of Zagreb. Population about 5,500, the main vilage of the same name having no more then about 500. In 1992 when the administrative reform in Croatia wasd made the region was prescribed to be part of the community of Hruševec Kupljenski, however this was against the wish of the local population and such community was never constituted. Rather the community of Dubravica was estabished already in 1995.
The community symbol bacame a rather unusual endemic carnivorious plant named in Croatian 'rosika' (in local dialect 'rozga'). The Coat of Arms is: Agrent a 'rosika' plant vert with two thorny traps and with two flowers and two buds both of the first. The flag is blue with the coat of arms bordered golden. The Ceremonial Flag is a blue golfalon with three rectangular tails containing oak ornaments, the coat of arms is in the middle and the name of the community above in two arches.
Sources: Puhacki orkestar Rozga, <>,10.06.2004. Prigorski Kaj, mjesecnik Grada Zaprešica, 2003
Zeljko Heimer, 10 June 2004

The plant seems to be a Drosera. The genus Drosera is the type of the family Droseraceae. Droseras are small plants which trap insects on their leaves, covered with sticky glandulous hairs, and slowly "digest" them by releasing proteolytic enzymes. The droseras lives in marshes and peat bogs, where their dense colonies can form kinds of floating mats. The most common drosera is Drosera rotundifolia. All droseras are endangered and protected, although it is difficult to avoid trampling them in places where they are very common, as for instance the Lofoten island in northern Norway.
Another plant of the same family is Aldrovandia vesiculosa, an insectivorous plant which was already marked RRR (that is very very rare) in the plant guides of the beginning of the century and might have disappeared from France today. Digesting insects help these plants to survive in a very acid, poor in nitrogen environment.
In English, the common name of the drosera is sundew. In French, the traditional name of the drosera is rossolis, which seems to be cognate of rosika and rozga. The name rossolis was derived from Latin ros solis, sun dew. The plant is also called rosee-du-soleil (lit., sundew) and herbe-a-la-rosee (lit., dew herb). The scientific name Drosera was of course coined by Carl Linne, and means "covered with dew" in Ancient Greek. This sun dew is made by the droplets of glue secreted by the hairs of the plants, which glisten in the sun. I have no evidence on this, but I won't be surprised if "dew" production was synchronized with the sunrise, when insects start to fly here and there and visit flowers.
The drosera was a matter of controversy among botanists. The great botanist Gaston Bonnier (1853-1922), who popularized botany, wrote several flores portatives for plants, mosses and lichens, and did also several interesting research work, refused to admit that the droseras were carnivorous plants. Another famous author of plante guides, Paul Fournier, presents the droseras as carnivorous, with the following footnote full of respect and probably also irony: "Bonnier claims the opposite; however, his opinion is no longer tenable".
The rossolis (here related to rose) was also a liquor made of burned brandy, sugar and cinnamon. Louis XIV enjoyed the rossolis du Roy, made of Spanish wine, brandy and other products as advized by his doctors. They also told him that sport was god for his health, that was playing billiards and go hunting in his coach. Louis XIV, in spite of several congenital diseases and malformations, died at the very respectable age of 77 years, after a 72 year reign.
Ivan Sache, 11 June 2004

Ceremonial Flag

by Zeljko Heimer, 10 June 2004

Coat of Arms

by Zeljko Heimer, 10 June 2004