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Political flags of Guinea Bissau

Last modified: 2006-03-18 by antonio martins
Keywords: paigc | star: 5 points (black) | pan-african | pusd |
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Parties running for the March 2004 elections:
  • Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde (PAIGC: African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde)
  • Partido Unido Social Democrata (PUSD: United Social Democrat Party)
  • Plataforma Unida (PU) (United Platform)
  • Partido da Renovação Social (PRS: Social Renewal Party)
  • União para a Mudança (UM: Union for Change)
  • União Eleitoral (UE: Electoral Union)
  • Partido do Manifesto do Povo (PMP: Party of the People’s Manifest)
  • Partido da Unidade Nacional (PUN: Party of National Union)
  • Resistência da Guiné-Bissau (RGB: Guinea-Bissau Resistance)
  • Movimento Democrático Guineense (MDG: Guinean Democratic Movement)
  • Fórum Cívico Guineense - Social Democracia (FCG-SD: Guinean Civic Forum - Social Democracy)
  • Partido Democrático Socialista (PDS: Socialist Democratic Party)
  • União Nacional para o Desenvolvimento e Progresso (UNDP: National Union for Development and Progress)
  • Partido Socialista da Guiné-Bissau (PSGB: Socialist Party of Guinea-Bissau)
  • Aliança Popular Unida (APU: United Popular Alliance)
See also:

Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo-Verde - PAIGC

[Flag of PAIGC]
image by Jorge Candeias, 02 Nov 1999

Recently, after the civil war that torn the country apart, the guinean governmental party PAIGC (Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo-Verde — I think this is still its name) held a convention to decide on its future. The decisions aren’t interesting for us (except that the party continues and keeps the same symbols), but the flag is. This flag was hanging from the table of the convention presidency (a common practice in Portugal also), so I suppose that it as official as one can get. The source for this are TV images.

The flag is just the national flag in a proportion of 1:2 with the sigla of the party beneath the black star, also in black.

This party flag is particlarly important because it gave birth to not one but two national flags: that of Guinea-Bissau and the old national flag of Cape Verde. The Cape-Verdian party PAICV, that nowdays has a different flag, used also a flag in these lines. The reason for this is that Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde constituted a short-lived confederacy after independence under the leadership of the PAIGC, a party that had cape-verdian and guinean membership and was winning the war against the portuguese colonial forces in Guinea-Bissau by the time of the portuguese revolution.

The union broke apart because there were conflicts between the cape-verdians (with a much more european culture — Cape Verde is basically a mixed country, racially, culturally, linguistically, etc.) and the guineans (who in the vast majority didn’t speak portuguese) inside the party, that immediately were reflected at state level. The symbols, however, remained very close until the democratization of Cape Verde and the consequent change of national symbols in this country.

The symbolism of this flag is just like that of the national flag and inherited from the symbolism of Ghana, from which it comes: an arrangement of the pan-african colours with the black star of Africa added.

Jorge Candeias, 02 Nov 1999

PAIGC was defeated in latest elections. Following that was issued in Cabo Verde can we expect a flag change?
Jaume Ollé, 26 Jan 2000

Maybe, but the recent role and style of the P.A.I.G.C. in Guinea-Bissau was not at all like the P.A.I.C.V. in Cape Verde in 1992. And the Cape Verde flag was changed mostely because it looked too much like the flag of Guinea-Bissau, not because it looked like the P.A.I.C.V. flag (which in turn was also changed somewhen later).
António Martins, 27 Jan 2000

Partido Unido Social Democrata da Guiné-Bissau

[Flag of PUSD]
image by António Martins, 08 Mar 2005

PUSD means Partido Unido Social Democrata (United Social Democrat Party).
António Martins, 08 Mar 2005

Just saw a newspaper article (Diário de Notícias 48926 (2003.03.09):1,6. Lisboa) on the coming back of former Bissau-Guinea Prime Minister Francisco Fadul, after a 2 year exile in Portugal. A bodyguard’s tee-shirt shows what might be a party flag design.
António Martins, 09 Mar 2003

See also:

Unidentified political flag

This photo appeared in Público (Portugal) newspaper, without caption, illustrating an article about the elections held there last March. Later, the same photo illustrated another article on the same subject, but now with a caption identifying the demonstrators as PAIGC supporters.

So, it’s related with the PAIGC but it is not the flag of the party, unless it changed flags recently without telling us. The flag is plain with a very large symbol occupying almost its entire surface, with includes a rising sun and the portrait of Amílcar Cabral, the national hero and former leader of PAIGC.

Speculating a bit, the fact that most of the people in the photo is young may mean that the flag might belong to some sort of youth organization.

Jorge Candeias, 27 Nov 2004