Last modified: 2004-02-28 by ivan sache
Keywords: ottoman empire | civil ensign | smyrna |
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by Ivan Sache
The flag is horizontally divided red-blue-red. It is shown in
Colton's Delineation of Flags of All Nations (1862) (colour
plate reproduced in Znamierowski
[zna99]) and captioned: " #141.
Smith [smi75c] says: "The Christians of Greece used a blue stripe through their red civil ensign."
Ivan Sache, 10 March 2001
There were only three flags in the Ottoman
Empire that were official which were so called national flags:
the red with crescent and star as the national flag, the red flag
without devices as merchant flag, and a special merchant flag for
those who had done the journey to Mecca, a red flag with a green
That there might have been regulations on flags in Turkish possessions is the fact that Greek ships had to fly a red flag with a blue central stripe.
Ralf Stetler, 26 June 1999
by Ivan Sache
A variant used in Smyrna is known, with five stripes alternatively red and blue.
Source: Hellenic flags. Insignia-Emblems. [kok97]
Pascal Vagnat, 11 January 1999
Since the Treaty of Kioutsouk Kainartzi in 1774, Greek merchant vessels could (and did almost to the exclusion of any other flag until 1821) use the Russian naval ensign (St Andrew's cross). They even continued so throughout the XIXth century when in Turkish waters.
Constantine Plakidas, 16 April 2003
The following information comes from exhibits in the Cretan Naval Museum in Hania (Chania).
A XVIth or XVIIth century flag was found on an island in Souda Bay: a blue field with a white cross (the arms of the cross are one-third the width of the flag), with a green and brown laurel wreath in the middle of the cross.
Bruce Tindall, 20 May 1996