Last modified: 2004-12-22 by ivan sache
Keywords: bagad | bourbriac | cross (black) | ermine: 11 (black) | societe d'emulation des cotes-du-nord | griffin (yellow) |
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by Ivan Sache
Bourbriac is a small city (c. 3,000 inhabitants) located south of Guingamp.
According to Philippe Rault (Ar Banniel [arb] #3, Summer 1997), the Bagad du Pays de Bourbriac (Breton band) has a flag made of a traditional Breton black cross on a white field, charged in the middle with a white rectangle bordered red with 11 black ermine spots (4 + 3 + 4). The charge might refer to the ancient arms of Penthièvre.
Ivan Sache, 25 July 2003
by Olivier Touzeau
Reverse and obverse of the flag, respectively.
The Société d'Emulation des Côtes-du-Nord (today the Société d'Emulation des Côtes-d'Armor) was founded on 31 January 1861, by Jules-Henri Geslin de Bourgogne, Joachim Gaultier du Mottay and Jules Lamare. Its aim was 'to cause, support and coordinate in Côtes-du-Nord, the efforts of all the men of goodwill, cultivating sciences, the letters and arts'. At the time, the activities of the society included:
The flag of the Société d'Emulation des
Côtes-du-Nord can be seen in the book Saint-Brieuc,
principal centre touristique des Côtes-Du-Nord en dix
excursions (Saint-Brieuc, the main touristic centre in
Côtes-du-Nord, in ten excursions), printed by the Presses
bretonnes de Saint-Brieuc for the Society in 1932. The author of
the book was Viscount Henri Frotier de la Messelère, then
secretary-general of the Societe d'Emulation of
Born in the manor of Premorel in Plesder (Ille-et-Vilaine) on 2 November 1876, Henri Frotier de la Messelière lived long years in Saint-Brieuc, where he died there on 6 December 1965. He was a doctor of law, and he is the author of many genealogical works, including a famous Recueil de généalogie (1904, 1350 pages, 260 illustrations) and the Filiations bretonnes (1912-1926, 5 volumes, 3 783 pages), and sketches and charts, inventories and descriptions of monuments of the department. His printed works, handwritten notes and drawings intended to retain the life 'in spite of the attacks of time' are preciously preserved at the Archives of the Department. He thus drew, indexed and identified several castles, manors and vaults of Cotes-du-Nord, preceding with one half-century the national Inventaire des Monuments historiques.
Thomas Girard-Lamaury, 21 October 2002
The obverse of the flag shows 'the main regions of the Côtes-du-Nord', which are, clockwise from upper hoist :
and what looks like the Latin motto of the Society.
The reverse of the flag shows the six dioceses of the departement of the Côtes-du-Nord, which are, clockwise from upper hoist:
Olivier Touzeau & Ivan Sache, 21 October 2002
There is today only one diocese in Côtes d'Armor, called diocese of Tréguier-St-Brieuc". The other dioceses are from the other departments of Brittany (Finistère, Ille-et-Vilaine and Morbihan).
Yves Le Martret, 30 June 2004