Last modified: 2005-04-09 by ivan sache
Keywords: unite radicale | cross: celtic (black) | disc (white) |
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The two main movements of the French ultra-right are presented in the Figaro (a conservaitve daily newspaper) dated 17 July 2002 as follows:
UR claims to fight "the stateless syndicalism, the exploiter (economic) liberalism, the crossbreeding jacobinism". UR activists are anti-American, anti-Zionist and anti-globalist but promote an "Imperial Europa, spreading from Galway to Vladivostok". UR was suppressed by governmental decision a few weeks after the attmept against Jacques Chirac (see below).
Ivan Sache, 16 July 2002
On 14 July 2002 around 10:00, avenue des Champs-Elysées, a
25-year old man by the name of Maxime Brunerie aimed at President
Jacques Chirac's command car with a .22 rifle. The lone gunman stood
among the crowd of onlookers who waited for the beginning of the
Bastille Day parade. He was immediatly
brought under control by two witnesses who had seen the rifle. One of
them, a psychiatric male nurse, had noticed Brunerie's weird
behaviour. After having controlled him, he was able to prevent him to
commit suicide. It seems that the gunman shot once, but his rifle was
turned off course upwards by the second witness. The bullet has not
been found yet.
According to ballistic experts, the probability for the President to have been shot was extremely low in that configuration, but other people could have been hit by the gunman, not to mention the wave of panic which could have swept through the crowd.
Brunerie was immediatly arrested and questioned. Yesterday, he was confined to a special protected unit in a mental hospital because of his delirious behaviour. Psychiatric experts shall decide in the forthcoming days whether he will be considered as fully responsible of his acts and tried accordingly.
by Ivan Sache
Several newspapers have investigated Brunerie's background. It was
rapidly shown that Brunerie was a member of small groups of neo-Nazis
and football hooligans. It seemed he had announced "a brilliant act"
on neo-Nazi bulletin boards and to his friends, who had not believed
him.The daily Figaro (conservative) published today a series
of papers on the French ultra-right. The front page of the Figaro
dated 17 July 2002 shows a colour picture taken by the photograph
Paul Delort during the 1st May 2002 ultra-right demonstration in
Rivoli street, in the center of Paris. On the right of the picture,
the man wearing a blue shirt is Maxime Brunerie, the 14 July gunman.
He waved a red flag, apparently 1:2, charged with a black Celtic
cross inscribed in a white disk. The disk is skewed to the flag
The flag is variation of the neo-Nazi flags using the Celtic cross. The design of the flag is a straightforward reference to the Nazi flag (red field, white disk, black symbol) and the Celtic cross is one of the neo-Nazis' prefered symbols.
However, the flag used by Brunerie cannot be attributed to a specific movement. Brunerie was a member of the GUD and later of UR. In May 2001, he was candidate to the municipal election in Paris (XVIIIth arrondissement) on the MNR list, which had tried to attract supporters of the ultra-right movements.
Ivan Sache, 16 July 2002