Buy State Flags from Allstate FlagsBuy US flags from Five Star Flags
This page is part of © FOTW Flags Of The World website

Political movements in Brittany (1930-1950)

Last modified: 2002-10-12 by ivan sache
Keywords: urz goanag breiz | ermine (black) | ermine (red) | pnb | cross: scandinavian (black) | bagadou stourm | triskell | cross: celtic | bezen perrot | mosnb |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors

See also:

Urz Goanag Breiz (Order of the Breton Hope)

[Urz Goanag Breiz]by Ivan Sache

Youth movement for Celtic revival founded in 1943 by Y.-V. Perrot and H. Caouissin, on the model of the Welsh movement Urdd Gobaith Cymru (Order of the Welsh Hope).

The flag designed by H. Caouissin is similar to the second Bleuñ-Brug flag,the purple being replaced by green to remind the Welsh origin. Rectangular and square flags were used.

Parti National Breton/Strollad Broadel Breiz (Breton National Party)

Separatist movement founded by O. Mordred and F. Debauvais in 1932, and dissolved in 1945.

[PNB vertical flag]by Ivan Sache

PNB used during a local election held in Guingamp in 1936 a vertical red flag charged with a red ermine spot in a white disc.

[PNB horizontal flag]by Ivan Sache

PNB also used the Gwenn-ha-Du and black and white triangular or swallow-tailed flags. A triangular black - white flag was hoisted in July 1940 on the balcony of the castle of Pontivy, when PNB expected to create a Breton state with the help of the German army.

Bagadoù Stourm (Battle Groups)

Youth paramilitary movement founded in 1941 by the PNB and directed by Y. Goulet.

The flag, designed by Y. Goulet and C. Lainé, was officialized on 7 September 1941. It is inspired by the German Reichskriegsflagge. It is a white field charged with a Scandinavian black cross. The middle of the cross is charged with a yellow-orange triskell in a black disk outlined in white. The cross is outlined in white and yellow-orange.

[Bagadou Stourm 1]by Ivan Sache

The movement also used an horizontally divided black-white-black flag.

[Bagadou Stourm 2]by Ivan Sache

Bezen Perrot

[Bezen Perrot]by Ivan Sache

"Breton company fighting war against France", founded by C. Lainé, who rejected the neutrality of the PNB. The unit was renamed Bezen Perrot in 1943 after the murder of Y.-V. Perrot by a member of the anti-German Resistance movement. The unity was composed of a few dozens of people, who fought locally under German uniform and command, as the Bretonische Waffenverband der SS.

The flag was a 4:5 white field charged with a slightly decentred black cross.

Mouvement Ouvrier Social-National Breton ( Breton Social-National Workers' Movement)

[MOSNB]by Ivan Sache

"National-Bolshevik movement", seceding from PNB, founded in 1941 by T. Jeusset, and dissolved the same year.

Its flag was a vertical, parochial-like, red banner with a black ermine spot included in a white disc.

Source: P. Rault. Les drapeaux bretons de 1188 à nos jours [rau98]

Ivan Sache, 6 January 1999