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Brittany (France): Associative movements

Last modified: 2004-02-28 by ivan sache
Keywords: bleimor | cross: scandinavian (black) | cross: celtic | circle (yellow) | breizh positive | ermines: 11 (black) | gwenn-ha-du | homo atao | kanabreizh | cannabis | ermines: 7 (black) |
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Bleimor (Seadog)

[Bleimor]by Ivan Sache

Scout movement founded on 9 January 1946 by P. Géraud-Keraod on the model of the Urz Goanag Breiz, and merged in 1962 in the European Scouts.

Its flag was a green field charged with a yellow circle and a Scandinavian black cross fimbriated with white, the whole representing a Celtic cross. Rectangular as well as triangular flags were used.

[Other Bleimor flag]by Ivan Sache

The movement also used a white flag with a black cross voided through and seven black ermine spots in canton. The ermine spots had an unusual art déco pattern (a triangle, one vertical and two horizontal dashes).

Breizh Positive

[Breizh Positive]by Ivan Sache

Youth movement founded in 1996 to promote a "free, egalitarian and fraternal Brittany".

Following their motto "colouring the Gwenn-ha-Du", they use the Raga Breizh, originally designed by the students' syndicate Dazont [Future]. The horizontal stripes of the flag are, from top to bottom:

  • yellow to represent the richness of Breton language and culture;
  • red, to represent the social combat and solidarity;
  • purple, to represent equality between men and women;
  • blue, to represent democracy and Europe;
  • green, to represent ecology.

Breton gays and lesbians

[Gays and lesbians]by Ivan Sache

The Homo Atao was designed in February 1997 by A. Zac, on the model of the Rainbow Flag. It has six horizontal stripes, from top to bottom, red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple. A white canton is charged with the eleven ermine spots of the Gwenn-ha-Du, which are coloured according to the neighbouring stripe. The flag was seen in 1997 during the Gay Pride parade in Paris.


[Kanabreizh]by Ivan Sache

Flag used by Breton partisans of liberalization of cannabis use, seen during a demonstration on 1 March 1998 in Nantes. It is a Gwenn-ha-Du with the ermine spots replaced by black cannabis leaves.

Source: P. Rault. Les drapeaux bretons de 1188 à nos jours [rau98] & note in Ar Banniel [arb] #6, Summer 1998.

Ivan Sache, 6 January 1999