Last modified: 2006-01-21 by santiago dotor
Keywords: san roque | cadiz | gibraltar |
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In Diccionario Enciclopédico Everest 40, Ed. Everest, Spain 1970, I saw a photo of the Gibraltar Standard, certain kind of banner or flag preserved in a museum in Gibraltar (?) showing the castle and key coat-of-arms on a flourished background. The photo is black and white.
Juan Manuel Gabino, 14 June 2002
Actually this is the pendón de Gibraltar or Gibraltar banner, kept at the city hall of San Roque, a municipality whose name in full is Ciudad de Gibraltar en el Campo de San Roque or Gibraltar City in the field of San Roque. When the original population of Gibraltar left temporarily the city during the Spanish War of Succession and the British takeover, they took refuge in and around the nearby church of San Roque. Eventually they were unable to return, forming a new town whose name recalled their origins. Many Spanish official documents make reference to the San Roque population as being that of Gibraltar, and even the coat-of-arms (and the banner as said above) is that of Gibraltar. See for instance this webpage and this Andalusian regional government webpage. A picture of the reverse side of the banner, showing the arms of Charles III, is shown in this webpage.
An interesting article dealing with the vexillological and heraldical implications of the subject is Armas y enseñas históricas de la ciudad y Reino de Gibraltar (1502-1978) in Banderas no.70, March 1999.
Santiago Dotor, 17 June 2002