Last modified: 2004-12-29 by santiago dotor
Keywords: german empire | kiautschou | cameroon | german east africa | governor: east africa | governor: kiautschou | eagle (black) |
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by Janko Ehrlich Zdvorak
Flag adopted for German East Africa 4th May 1891, readopted for Kiautschou 1st March 1898, abandoned by 1917, abolished 1919
The national flag with the uncrowned imperial eagle in the center of the white stripe. Adopted 1st March 1898. Abolished during the First World War as a result of allied conquest of the colonies. (Illustrated in Crampton 1990 p. 42, Meyers Konversations-Lexikon 1912 vol. 4, facing p. 799, National Geographic 1917 p. 367, no. 1014).
This flag also flew over German Southwest Africa, Kamerun, Togoland, and Germany's Pacific possessions. (...) It was used in German East Africa; I do not know about the others.
Stuart Notholt, 15 February 1996
Flags of Maritime Nations 1899 shows this flag as the flag of the Governor of German East Africa and does not mention Kiao-Chau (Tsingtao). (...) Kiao-Chau was made a German protectorate in 1898, so maybe the information was not yet available when the 1899 book was published. National Geographic 1917 shows it for both territories and notes that they were both conquered by that date by the allies (Britain in Africa, Japan in China).
Dave Martucci, 21 September 1996
This flag was de iure in use until 1918, however de facto those colonies were occupied some years before (by British and Japanese forces).
Janko Ehrlich Zdvorak, 17 August 2001
De jure maybe even until (10 January?) 1920, when the former German colonies officially became mandate territories. By the way, note that German East Africa was not fully occupied until 25 November 1918.
Mark Sensen, 17 August 2001