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Lordship of Jever until 1818 (Germany)

Herrschaft Jever

Last modified: 2002-05-10 by santiago dotor
Keywords: jever | lower saxony | lordship of jever | herrschaft jever | lion (yellow) |
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Jever was under Anhalt-Zerbst between 1667 to 1793 and pass[ed] to Russia —and used Russian flag— after 1793. A[n] own ensign was plan[n]ed near 1800 but it is not known if [it] was officially adopted. French o[c]cupation 1806. To Netherlands 8 July 1807. Administrated by Oldenburg after 1814 and Oldenburg sovereignity recognized 18 April 1818.

Jaume Ollé, 22 June 1998

From the 14th to 16th century, the Cirksena family gradually acquired most of East Frisia. Only the Lordship (Herrschaft) of Jever resisted annexation. In 1575 it was inherited by Oldenburg; in 1667 it passed to Anhalt-Zerbst, and in 1793 to Russia. After a short Dutch and French period in the Napoleonic wars it returned to Oldenburg in 1818. In 1853 Oldenburg sold a small part of the territory to Prussia, where the city of Wilhelmshaven was built to serve as a port for the German navy.

The area that was once the lordship of Jever today forms the northern part of Friesland County [Kreis Friesland] and the city of Wilhelmshaven which you can see on my map at Ralf Hartemink's International Civic Arms website — modulo the considerable coastal changes over the centuries! The city of Jever is the capital of said county. The flag of the city is blue-white with the arms.

Stefan Schwoon, 28 February 2001

Flag 17th Century

On blue field a yellow lion (image not available).

Jaume Ollé, 22 June 1998

According to my book about Jever, the chieftains (Häuptlinge) of Jever had a coat of arms of the same description.

Stefan Schwoon, 28 February 2001

Keyser 1939-1974 has the following to say about Jever's flag (translated and slightly abbreviated):

The flag of the old city appears to have been gold-red, the ships of Jever still flew this flag in the second half of the 16th century. Later, the colours must have been blue-yellow; the colours now in use (blue-white) are derived from the uniform of Zerbst.
Jever belonged to Zerbst for some time.

Stefan Schwoon, 29 March 2001

Proposal c.1800

[Jever, proposal c.1800 (Germany)]
by Jaume Ollé

A[n] own ensign was plan[n]ed near 1800 but it is not known if [it] was officially adopted.

Jaume Ollé, 22 June 1998