Last modified: 2006-08-19 by jarig bakker
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(1921-1935 and 1946-1952)
by Marcus Schmöger
Flag adopted by Mecklenburg-Schwerin 23rd December 1863, by Mecklenburg-Strelitz 4th January 1864, abolished 1935, readopted 1946, abolished 1952, readopted as regional flag 1991
The house of Mecklenburg was founded by Niklot, prince of the Obotrites,
Chizzini and Circipani on the Baltic Sea, who died in 1160. His christian
progeny was recognized prince of the Holy Roman
Empire in 1170 and duke of Mecklenburg 8 July 1348. On 27 February
1658 the ducal house was divided into two branches: Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Theo van der Zalm, 15 June 2001
The traditional flag of Mecklenburg was the blue-yellow-red
one, used by both entities. (...) Mecklenburg-Schwerin
was a coastal province and a civil ensign was adopted with the colours
blue-white-red, which were the colours
of Rostock — thus with a different origin
with respect to the colours of the State flag. So the flag for both Mecklenburgs
was the blue-yellow-red (and it always had been so),
while Mecklenburg-Schwerin had also a blue-white-red
civil ensign which is the flag usually reproduced
on old charts and books dealing with maritime flags.
Mario Fabretto, 24 August 1998
I do not quite manage to see the difference between the flags of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
and Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Most flags appear
to refer only to "Mecklenburg" — does that mean they were the same for
both grand duchies?
Santiago Dotor, 28 September 2000
Well, not exactly. In principle, the Grand Duchies agreed to have the
same flags, but seem never to get around to deciding which. Of course Mecklenburg-Strelitz
without a seacoast did not need sea flags.
Norman Martin, 28 September 2000
The flag of both Mecklenburg duchies is traditionally made up of the
colours blue, yellow and red. The sequence however changed more than once
in the past 300 years. In 1813 the duchies used yellow-red-blue. According
to Ströhl 1897, p. 89, the colours blue-yellow-red
were adopted on 23 December 1863 for Schwerin and on 4 January 1864 for
Mecklenburg-Schwerin however used white instead of yellow for flags on sea by law of 24 March 1855 (Ströhl 1897, p. 86).
Siebmacher 1878 gives therefore
(?) blue-white-red for Schwerin and blue-yellow-red
Theo van der Zalm, 15 June 2001
[Mecklenburg after 1918:]
Mecklenburg: blue, yellow, red flag adopted 24th May 1923.
Mecklenburg-Schwerin: from November 1918 to 1919: blue-white-red. Later blue-yellow-red.
Mecklenburg-Strelitz: from 1919 to 1923: blue-yellow-red.
Jaume Ollé, 24 August 1998
The history of flags of Mecklenburg is quite complex. After the proclamation
of the republic in 1918, Mecklenburg-Schwerin
and Mecklenburg-Strelitz became two separate
entities, for the first time with different coats of arms. The traditional
flag of Mecklenburg was the blue-yellow-red one, used
in the past by both entities, and kept in use by both after 1918 (approved
24th May 1923 for Mecklenburg-Strelitz). In 1933 they were unified again.
Mecklenburg-Schwerin was a coastal province and, as in the past, a civil
ensign was adopted with the colours blue-white-red,
which were the colours of Rostock — thus
with a different origin with respect to the colours of the State flag.
So the flag for both Mecklenburgs was the blue-yellow-red (and it always
had been so), while Mecklenburg-Schwerin had also a blue-white-red civil
Mario Fabretto (?), 24 August 1998
'Der Geöffnete See-Hafen, Hamburg 1705 shows a flag for the Mecklenburg
harbour of Rostock which is blue-white-red. This would follow then the
Rostock arms which show a shield with a blue upper half (with a golden
griffin in it) and a lower half parted in white and red.
This same flag is shown on 'Flaggen aller seefahrenden Potenzen und Nationen in der gantzen Welt' by Johann Baptist Homann (Nurenburg, mid-18th Century)
Threehundred and six Illustations of the Martime Flags of all Nations, J.S.Hobbs FRSG, London, 1848, gives for Mecklenburg a blue-white-red flag with the Mecklenburg bullshead in the white stripe.
'Flaggen und Banner. Landesfarben aller zivilisierten Staaten der
Erde' (Band I 6. Abteilung von Siebmacher Grosses Wappenbuch)
von A. Maximilian Gritzner, Nürnberg 1878 gives four flags of Mecklenburg.
The Standard of the grandduke of M-Schwerin (3.75m high; 5.625m long) is blue-white red. In the middle is a white quadrant (1.75m high and 2.00m wide). In it are the middle arms of Mecklenburg (so the shield with crown and supporters, looking out in the drawing).
The 'Landes- und Handelsflagge' of M-Schwerin and as it seems of M-Strelitz is given as plain blue-white-red. Gritzner remarks however that it is now (1878) only used as Landesflagge by M-Strelitz.
For M-Strelitz he gives a standard blue-yellow-red with just the Mecklenburg shield in oval shape in the yellow stripe, somewhat to the left.
As Landesflagge of M-Strelitz he gives plain blue-yellow-red.
According to 'Die Orden, Wappen unf Flaggen aller Regenten und Staaten' published by Moritz Ruhl Verlag, Leipzig 1887, the Flag of both duchies is blue-white-red. The 'Landesfarben' however blue-yellow-red. While as Cocarde he gives yellow-red-blue (from the outside in).
Hugo Gerhard Ströhl then gives a granddukal standard as the arms.
For other members of the grandukal house there exists an official standard
laid down in a 'Verordnung' from 23-12-1863 blue-yellow-red with the arms
in the yellow stripe. It was according to Ströhl never used however.
According to Ströhl the 'Seeflagge' for the grandduke and the members of his house was blue-white-red with the middle arms in the white stripe. It was also used on inner waters.
The grandduke of M-Strelitz according to Ströhl used a standard blue-white-red with a white quadrant in the middle showing the middle arms.
Further Ströhl states that by Verordnung of 25-3-1855 the Seeflagge von
Mecklenburg is blue-white-red.
As Cocarde Ströhl gives blue-yellow-red (from the outside in).
Then he states that the colours of Meckleburg have been changed many times.
In 1813 both duchies united their soldiers with cocardes of red, blue and gold, later gold, red and blue, he says.
The Landesflagge for both duchies was laid down in a Verordnung (23-12-1863)
for M-Schwerin and 4-1-1864 for M-Strelitz) as being blue-yellow-red.
Theo van der Zalm, 21 Jul 2002