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Nationalsocialist and Neonazi Flags (Germany)

Last modified: 2006-09-09 by jarig bakker
Keywords: nationalsocialist | neonazi |
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All the parties included or linked from this page, have been classified as right extremist, nationalsocialist or neonazi by one or more contributors to the FOTW mailing list. Such classification is not necessarily supported by the Editor.

All-Germanic Heathens' Front (Allgermanische Heidnische Front)

[All-Germanic Heathens' Front (Germany)] image by Alvin Helms, 29 October 1999

I do not know very much about the AHF. They appear to combine the usual elements of political nationalism and cultural racism. Curiously though, they are vehemently anti-Christian, and want to restore the pre-Christian religions of northern Europe. They are not exclusively German, but rather Germanic. In addition to Germany, they have branches in Denmark, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Flanders, and the Netherlands. Note the strong resemblance to the flag of the Hitler Jugend, with the alghiz rune in place of a swastika.
Alvin Helms, 29 October 1999

The alghiz rune was used in Germanic alphabet from 3rd to 13th century, and had meaning of life and death, depending on which side was up.
Željko Heimer, 30 October 1999

German Heathens' Front (Deutsche Heidnische Front)

[German Heathens' Front (Germany)] image by Alvin Helms, 29 October 1999

This is one of two flags shown on the website [which one?] for the specifically-German branch of the Allgermanische Heidnische Front. The central image is the Eye of Wotan (Woden, Odin, etc.). Like the AHF, this flag also uses the algiz rune, in this case both upright and reversed.
Alvin Helms, 29 October 1999

Use of Imperial Flags

[War Ensign 1903-1919 (Germany)] 3:5 image by Carsten Linke
Imperial War Ensign 1903-1919

[Jack 1903-1919 (Germany)][Jack 1903-1919 (Germany), modern variant] both by Marcus Schmöger
Imperial Jack 1903-1919 and modern variant

The Reichskriegsflagge 1867-1919 is reported to be in use by German neonazi groups.
António Martins, 27 May 1998

The black-white-red colours of the German Empire 1871-1919 are prominently displayed [by the NPD and other parties]. These colours are displayed in party conventions and during demonstrations. NPD demonstrators wave different versions of black-white-red:
- plain black-white-red,
- black-white-red with a black Iron Cross (essentially the Imperial jack 1871-1919 and 1933-1935, also War Ensign 1933-1935, above left),
- a variant of the latter flag with a slimmer Iron Cross (above right) and
- black-white-red with black-red-gold in the canton (the German Civil Ensign 1919-1933).
There are certainly other variants of black-white-red (historical or not) that are produced by flagmakers for right extremists and used by them, for example with inscriptions.
Marcus Schmöger, 14 August 2000

It is my understanding that in Germany today, in addition to Nazi flags being banned, flags from the Kaiserreich era are also banned, notably the German naval ensign.
Anonymous, 4 February 2001

Issue 11 (12th March 2001) of the German weekly news magazine Der Spiegel, p. 76, showed this picture of a Weimar Republic flag on display at the shop of NPD party members in Ehringshausen (Hesse) — obviously because of the black-white-red colours. It is the state ensign 1926-1933.
Marcus Schmöger, 19 March 2001

Unidentified Flag

[Unidentified Flag (Germany)] image by Hermann von Condé, 6 February 2004

Marcus Schmöger reported a photograph in the German weekly news magazine Der Spiegel, 2001, issue 1, p. 57, showing an NPD demonstration (photograph scanned here). There seems to be a flag at the bottom left of the picture, black field with two crossed red "things" (most possibly swords) fimbriated in gold (detail here).
Santiago Dotor, 26 January 2001

The same flag, plus one with a black-white-red canton, appears in this photograph scanned by Marcus Schmöger from issue 13 (26th March 2001) of the German weekly news magazine Der Spiegel, p. 23, showing an(other) NPD demonstration.
Santiago Dotor, 30 May 2001

This (...) black flag with a red hammer and sword crossing over each other (...) is an official NPD flag (...).
Hermann von Condé, 6 February 2004

This unidentified flag is not a flag of the NPD. Have in mind that demonstrations are not restricted to members of parties. Maybe it is a flag of another organization, but not of the NPD.
Winfried Krauß, 8 February 2004

I came across the "Unidentified Flag" in the German Neo-Nazi Flag section. In the picture shown, there is only a small portion of the flag which is visible. I wanted to send two examples of what the flag probably is. I don't believe the flags actually belong to any certain organization.
BillyBoy, 23 Jul 2002

"Adler" Flag

[Adler Flag] image by BillyBoy, 23 Jul 2002

See above

"Hammer" Flag

[Hammer Flag] image by BillyBoy, 23 Jul 2002

See above

Sozialistische Reichspartei / Socialist Empire Party

Sozialistische Reichspartei / Socialist Empire Party image by Marcus Schmöger, 28 Mar 2003

The neonazi SRP (Sozialistische Reichspartei = Socialist Empire Party) was forbidden in 1952 by the Federal Constitutional Court. I had reported on the party and the flag already (10 Sep 2001), but without an image. My reconstruction of the flag (black eagle on red) is based on the eagle used by the SRP in party publications. I am still unsure about the exact pattern of the flag, though.
Marcus Schmöger, 28 Mar 2003


ANS/NA flag (1) ANS/NA 2nd flag (2) images by Marcus Schmöger, 28 Mar 2003

A very active and violent group was the ANS/NA (Aktionsfront Nationaler Sozialisten / Nationale Aktivisten = Action Front National Socialists / National Activists), banned in 1983. This group used two different flags: the one was a black-white-red horizontal triband with the party symbol in the center (a rune-like "S" in a rectangle divided diagonally black-white-red); the other one was an obvious variant of the swastika flag, called the "reverse swastika": a red flag with a white disk, in which appeared black the parts that had remained white in the original swastika (between the arms).
Marcus Schmöger, 28 Mar 2003

Nationale Liste / National List

Nationale Liste image by Marcus Schmöger, 28 Mar 2003

Also banned in 1995 was the NL (Nationale Liste = National List), which used a black flag with white inscription "NL".
Marcus Schmöger, 28 Mar 2003