Last modified: 2005-07-09 by santiago dotor
Keywords: third reich | cross: swastika (black) | iron cross | cross: formy (black) | eagle (black) | wreath (grey) | bordure (grey) | crosses: 5 (swastika) |
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by Santiago Dotor based on a scan by Marcello Ravaioli
The design of these colors which dates from 1936 is: a square white flag with a black Iron Cross extending nearly to the edges of the flag; the cross has a silver border followed by a thinner black edge and a white fimbriation; in each corner is a black swastika. At the center of the flag is a white disk surrounded by a silver wreath and containing a black ("Army type", with wings directed downward) eagle grasping a black swastika thus similar to the eagle that frequently appeared on Army steel helmets. By the way, engineer units flew a similar flag with background (not disc) black rather than white. Cavalry and other units altered the shape of the flag by extending the top and bottom, creating a swallow tail effect. In each case, the background was in the arm of service color (Waffenfarbe).
Norman Martin, 24 February 1997
On the German infantry flag model 1936 the sewn-on wreath really an embroidered oakleaf garland of 40 leaves is in aluminum silk, shaded in white, green and brown. The bow at the crossing-point of the twigs is in gold. The eagle was embroidered in black, dark and light brown silk; the beak and talons were in gold and the eyes in light grey silk.
Marcello Ravaioli, 20 April 2001
This flag is described in full detail in Davis 1975, pp. 55-56 (including an excellent colour plate), and in Davis 2000, pp. 23-24.
Most if not all 1936-1945 army colours (Fahnen, used by infantry, engineers, Jäger, etc.) as well as the smaller swallowtailed guidons (Standarten, used by armour, artillery, cavalry etc.) followed this pattern, changing only the field colour to that of the branch of service colour (Waffenfarbe). Some can be seen at the WehrmAcht-Forum website. The only other exceptions were minor modifications to the standard pattern used by those few regiments which had a particular tradition in the German (mostly in the Prussian) army.
Santiago Dotor, 28 May 2002
The Standarte für Kavallerie Einheiten [standard for cavalry units] and Standarte für Artillerie Einheiten [standard for artillery units] used the same basic design as the Fahne für Infanterie Einheiten [flag for infantry units] but were swallowtailed. The Kavallerie used an orange colour [Waffenfarbe] and the Artillerie a red one. See this image [showing a Standarte für Panzer Einheiten i.e. a standard for armoured units, with pink as its Waffenfarbe].
Marcus Wendel, 10 January 2000
The Fahne für Jäger Einheiten [colour for light infantry units] was the same as the infantry colour but had a green background instead of a white one.
The Standarte für Kavallerie Einheiten and Standarte für Artillerie Einheiten used the same basic design as the infantry colour but were swallowtailed. The cavalry used an orange colour and the artillery a red one.
The Fahne für Fliegertruppen [colour for air troops] (yellow instead of red) and the Fahne für Flakartillerie [colour for anti-aircraft crews] (red) was the same basic design as the Flagge des Reichsminister der Luftfahrt und Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe with these exceptions:
The Fahne für Marineteile an Land was the same basic design as Flagge des Reichsminister der Luftfahrt und Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe with these exceptions:
Source: Der Zweite Weltkrieg, section Fahnen und Uniformen der Wehrmacht, Buch + Zeit Verlag, ISBN 3-8166-0158-8.
Marcus Wendel, 7 January 2000
Images of those air and marine troops' flags can be seen at the here and here at the WehrmAcht-Forum website.
Santiago Dotor, 28 May 2002