Last modified: 2006-07-27 by pascal gross
Keywords: switzerland | basel | basel land | half-canton |
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by António Martins
Blazon by Mühlemann (1991): Arms: In Silber ein linksgewendeter roter Bischofsstab (Baselstab) mit sieben roten Krabben (gotischen Verzierungen) am Knauf.
Flag: In Weiss ein von der Fahnenstange abgewendeter roter Bischofsstab (Baselstab) mit sieben roten Krabben am Knauf.
António Martins, 23 June 2000
Translated: Arms: Argent a Crosier contourné Gules (crosier of Basel) with seven Crabs Gules (Gothic ornaments) on the knob.
Flag: Argent a Crosier contourné Gules (crosier of Basel) with seven Crabs Gules (Gothic ornaments) on the knob addossed the hoist.
Jarig Bakker, 24 June 2000
The half-canton was split from Basel-city in 1832. The citizens adopted a reverse orientation (towards the sinister) of the crosier, effectively turning their backs on their previous affiliation. The seven roundels represent the seven counties of the Canton. On April 1, 1947, the position of the crosier was reaffirmed by the governing council.
Source: Angst (1992), "A Panoply of Colours: The Cantonal Banners of Switzerland and the Swiss National Flag"
Phil Nelson, 14 October 1998
Flaggen, Knatterfahnen and Livery Colours
Flaggen are vertically hoisted from a crossbar in the manner of gonfanon, in ratio of about 2:9, with a swallowtail that indents about 2 units. The chief, or hoist (square part) usually incorporates the design from the coat of arms - not from the flag. The fly part is always divided lengthwise, usually in a bicolour, triband or tricolour pattern (except Schwyz which is monocolour, and Glarus which has four stripes of unequal width). The colours chosen for the fly end are usually the main colours of the coat of arms, but the choice is not always straight forward.
Knatterfahnen are similar to Flaggen, but hoisted from the long side and have no swallow tail. They normally show the national, cantonal or communal flag in their chiefs.
Željko Heimer, 16 July 2000