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Democratic Republic of Congo : Political parties

Last modified: 2006-09-14 by bruce berry
Keywords: mlc | uferi | rcd | mpr |
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Mouvement de Libération du Congo (MLC)

image by Eugene Ipavec, 09 Aug 2006

The flag of the MLC has changed.  The flag has a blue background, featuring the letters MLC on yellow on the left, plus the map of Congo outlined in yellow and a yellow ant.  See the MLC official website at
Esteban Rivera, 09 Aug 2006

[MLC flag] image by Jarig Bakker, 10 Jul 2004

Flag of "Mouvement de Libération du Congo" (Congolese Liberation Movement) is from (no longer available, ed.)
Dov Gutterman, 25 May 2002

L'Union des Fédéralistes et Républicains Indépendants (UFERI) (Zaire)

[UFERI flag] sent by Rob Raeside, 12 Jul 2004

From the intermittent series on maps on flags provided by Mason Kaye. This is the flag of UFERI, (L'Union des Fédéralistes et Républicains Indépendants - Union of Independent Federalists and Republicans). Seen on Belgian TV on August, 1992 (hence Zaire - not Dem. Rep. of Congo). Outline image provided - coloured by me. I guess this was seen as a vertical flag.  Yellow map of Zaire in center. Disc is red, half circles are blue. Red circular border. White background, blue writing: UFERI - NOTRE ESPOIR (our hope).
Source: Michel Lupant.
Rob Raeside, 12 Jul 2004

Mouvement Populaire Renouveau (MPR)

[MPR flag] image by Guy De Boeck, 18 Sep 2005

I was living in Congo when the name and flag of the country changed. An MPR flag (Mobutu's only allowed party) already existed. It had the same flag as  what became the Zaire flag, but without the yellow circle: thus green with an arm holding a torch with a red flame. And that stayed the flag of the party.
As long as the unique party remained, the cockade worn by its members was that same design : the torch on a green background, on an oval little jewel made of copper. For dignitaries, it was better carved, and protected by transparent plastic.
Lots of books, reviews or papers from the Mobutu period also wore that sign : a green band with the arm and the torch.
I cannot imagine where the so called "party flag" designed by Mr Martins according to Mr. Bliss has been found or fancied.
If that design has something in common with Mobutu and his party, then the only period it could be related to is the period 1965 - 1967, when he founded an organization called CVR (Corps des Volontaire de la Republique = Corps of Republican Volunteers). But the green and torch flag appeared in the same time as the "Manifeste de la N'sele", at the foundation of the MPR party.
(N'sele is the name of a village, where Mobutu gathered number of politicians to elaborate that manifest).
Guy De Boeck, 18 Sep 2005

That is the real MPR party flag : the same as the former national one, but without the yellow circle and with a bigger arm. This flag existed BEFORE the Zaire flag.
Guy De Boeck, 18 Sep 2005

National Alliance's Party for Unity (Parti de l'Alliance Nationale pour l'Unité)

The National Alliance's Party for Unity (Parti de l'Alliance Nationale pour l'Unité) is a centrist political party in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, founded in 2003. It has 190 candidates for the upcoming parliamentary elections in July 2006 and has decided to support President Kabila in the forthcominh presidential elections (see

Article 3 : La devise du PANU est : « UNITE – LIBERTE –DEVELOPPEMENT ». son emblème est un drapeau de fond blanc, bordé de onze (11) étoiles dorées représentant les onze provinces du pays, avec au milieu, une flèche rouge orientée vers le haut, signe d'un mouvement ascensionnel (see which is translated as :

"a white flag, bordered with 11 gold stars for the eleven provinces of the country surrounding a red arrow pointing upwards"  (rough translation) see it as a shield at
 "Prometevsberg", 06 Aug 2006

Parti du peuple pour la reconstruction et la démocratie (PPRD)

image by Esteban Rivera, 06 Aug 2006

The Parti du peuple pour la reconstruction et la démocratie (PPRD) (Peoples Party for reconstruction and democracy) of President Joseph Kabila uses a yellow flag with the party symbol in the centre.  This is a blue map image of the country with two stylized hands in red and yellow clasping each other.  The party acronym is found between the wrists and above the symbol on the yellow field.
"Prometevsberg", 06 Aug 2006

The PPRD was officially registered with the Ministry of the Interior by Decree 031/2002 on 02 April 2002.  The statutes of the party should prescribe the emblem of the party in Article 12, but this is left blank ("The emblem of the party shall be...) on the online version of the statutes.

The party was founded by supporters of Joseph Kabila and members of his government. It should follow the tracks of Patrice Lumumba, the Prime Minister murdered in 1961, and Laurent-Désiré Kabila, Joseph's father.
Ivan Sache, 12 Aug 2006

Rassemblement congolais pour la Démocratie (RCD)

The political party "Rassemblement congolais pour la Démocratie" (Congolese Union for Democracy) has unveiled its new flag on 23 July 2005 in the party seat, located in the city of Gombe. The flag was presented by Azarias Ruberwa Manywa, national President of the party and Vice-President of the Democratic Republic of Congo in charge of the Policy, Defense and Security Committee. The new flag of RCD is blue with a dove, a palm tree and the lettering "bonne gouvernance" (good governing).

Ruberwa explained the new flag as follows:
- the dove represents peace because " we are campaigning for peace. We fought war for peace, this was the price to pay". "[...] The dove shows that even in a so-called peace time, we have to search for the real peace, that is the inner peace." Moreover the dove shall show that RCD is today a tolerant and no longer a violent party.
- the palm tree represents democracy.
- the "bonne gouvernance" (good governing) is "a series of rules and practices which give hope to our Republic and our citizens and determination to our youth". "All members of the RCD who would act again the "bonne gouvernance" will be sacked.

Source: a paper by Médard Muyaya in "Le Potentiel" (Kinshasa, 28 July 2005)
Ivan Sache, 18 Aug 2005

Union pour la République-Mouvement National (UNIR-MN)

image sent by Esteban Rivera, 06 Aug 2006

This is the flag of the Union pour la République-Mouvement National (Union for the Republic-National Movement) (UNIR-MN) taken from the party's official website at
Esteban Rivera, 06 Aug 2006

Unknown party flag?

[Unknown party flag] by António Martins, 22 Nov 1998, after image sent by by Nathan Bliss, 7 Jan 1997

My question here is what really is this flag, because is surely not Mobutu’s party flag. Not only it has no resemblance to the Zaire flag, but also it features a map of Zaire / Congo-Kinshasa without the southern secessionist provinces of Katanga/Shaba, Southern Kasai and what seems to be part of Kivu, something Mobutu would never had endorsed.
António Martins, 22 Nov 1998

It seems to me that that the map is just a distortion in order to fit the flag (and the outspread hands). The long stretch into Zambia is there, as well as the hiccups in the frontiers between Congo and Zambia. In my opinion it's quite safe to assume that Nathan Bliss' image was a bit distorted and that the real flag had the real map of Congo (or Zaïre) on it in red. Many political flags produced by expatriates have been proved to be geographically (or otherwise) incorrect.
Mobutu's party was the Popular Movement of the Revolution (Mouvement Populaire de la Révolution), founded in 1967 as the principle vehicle of the Mobutu regime. It was renamed in 1990 to Popular Movement for Renewal (Mouvement Populaire Renouveau - MPR).
Jarig Bakker, 09 Oct 2002