Last modified: 2004-12-29 by joe mcmillan
Keywords: santa catarina | brazil | phrygian cap | eagle | key | anchor | star (white) | lozenge |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors
by Joseph McMillan
Adopted 10 August 1839
The flag of the Catarina Republic--a green-white-yellow horizontal tricolor--was created
along with the coat of arms on 10 September 1839 by decree of the vice president,
Father Vicente Ferreira dos Santos.
Source: a site about Garibaldi's Brazilian wife Anita, both of them having been active in the Catarina Republic.
Joseph McMillan, 16 September 2002
According to the Pequena História Catarinense (Florianópolis, 1920),
"On 22 July 1839 the Farrapos became masters of Laguna. On 7 August, elections for president and
vice-president of the republic were conducted. The arms and flag of the new state were created."
Because Ferrerira dos Santos Cordeiro took power on 28 August 1839 (by delegation of the elected president Neves),
I suspect that the adoption of the flag (at less oficially) would not have taken place earlier than that,
and 10 September seems reasonable.
Jaume Ollé, 17 August 2002
On 22 July 1839, Rio-grandense troops [i.e., forces of the revolutionary
Farroupilha government of Rio Grande do Sul--ed.]
occupied Laguna, Santa Catarina.
On 29 July, in the same city, the province of Santa Catarina was declared a "free and
independent Catarinense state," and was constituted the Catarina Republic [República
Catarinense, also known as the República Juliana because the revolt took place in July--ed.].
The rebels defeated the pro-Rio de Janeiro
monarchists in partial combats but were decisively defeated at Garopaba on 27 September
1840. After a naval battle, the chief of the Rio-grandense fleet
announced the end of the Catarina Republic on 15 November 1840. The chief of
this fleet was the Italian Giuseppe Garibaldi, who married his companion, the Brazilian
Ana de Jesús, or Anita Garibaldi, while in Santa Catarina. She later died
defending the cause of Italian unity. The new provincial monarchist president
was Marshal Andrea, who directed the operations that put an end to the independent republic.
Source: Flag Report 2
Jaume Ollé, 25 December 1999